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Essential Oils

Bergamot Essential Oil

Bergamot Essential Oil
Origin of Bergamot Essential Oil :
This tree is native to South East Asia but was introduced to Europe and Italy and is also found in the Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. The name is derived from the city Bergamo in Lombardy, Italy, where the oil was first sold.

Description of Bergamot:
A delicate, small tree about 4-5-meters (16 ft) high, with smooth oval leaves. The plant flowers twice a year-in the spring and at the end of summer. The bergamot orange is a fruit, small and roughly pear shaped. The fruit, produced in Italy, is a cross between the pear lemon and the seville orange or grape fruit. The fruit is sour and its aromatic peel is used to produce an essential oil that is used in Earl grey tea, perfumes and in aromatheraphy to treat depression. It is also used as a digestive aid.

Appearance :Liquid

Aroma: It is a fruity citrus oil of spicy-floral freshness.

Color : Greenish/yellow

Chemical constituents: 
Bergamot oil has various chemical compounds that include terpinolene, myrcene, methulacetophenone, carotenoids and triterpenoids.

Bergamot essential oil Therapeutic Effects:
The therapeutic effects are to balance the mind and regenerate. Bergamot oil helps to eliminate emotional confusion and increase ones sense of humor and well-being. Bergamot will also allay the pain of shingles and ease chicken pox in small children. Bergamot oil can be used in the treatment of depression, stress, tension, fear, hysteria, infection (all types including skin), anorexia, psoriasis, eczema and general convalescence.

Aromatherapy uses : 
The aromatherapic properties of bergamot oil include analgesic, antidepressant, antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-spasmodic, stomachic, calmative, cicatrisant, deodorant, digestive, febrifuge, effective insect repellent properties. A very delicate, highly volatile oils like bergamot and lavender are considered top note oil. It is mostly used in blending aromatherapy oils used for massaging.

Candle making & incence : 
It is used in candle making by refining paraffin wax which is specially blended with rich scent and longer burning time. Candles of different types like jar candles, floating candles, votive candles, pillar candles are made with fragrance of bergamot essence.

Flavor and Fragrance :
The essential oils are extracted by pressing on the outer part of the fresh peel. The well known extract of bergamot oil, used in cologne and Earl Grey tea.

Bergamot has also been used for many years in Italy to treat fevers and in China to treat coughs and colds. In France, mandarin oil is used to treat indigestion and hiccups in children. Another method used is steam distillation of freshly picked flowers, which produces the orange blossom water. They have been used for centuries as folk remedies and are now used as fragrances in soaps, detergents, cosmetics, perfumes, and pharmaceuticals. Other uses for the oils include aromatherapy, skin care, and as an aid to circulation and digestion. Bergamot also plays a major role as a raw material for other products. The fresh fruit is processed into juice, concentrates, canned, or refrigerated segments. Other products include marmalades, cattle feed made from the skins, essential oils, pectin and other chemicals. Oranges account for about 65% of all citrus production, 15% goes to mandarins, 10% to lemons and limes and 10% to grapefruit. 

Eucalyptus Oil (eucalyptus Globulus)

Eucalyptus Oil (eucalyptus Globulus)
Origin of Eucalyptus essential oil:
The genus Eucalyptus makes up nearly ¾ of Australia's total number of plant species. The medicinal properties of the oil were most likely first discovered by the Aborigines, the native inhabitants of Australia. The genus name is derived from the Greek eu, meaning 'well' and kalyptos, meaning 'cover'. Eucalyptus refers to the well-covered flower buds which are cone shaped and have a lid-like structure that opens as the flowers mature. Aromatherapists and over-the-counter pharmaceutical manufacturers might take the name to mean that Eucalyptus covers well a variety of common conditions.

Description of Eucalyptus essential oil:
A lofty tree about 90 meter in height with a clean straight bole and smooth bark, peeling off in long strips, rather thick and carved, large flowers, fruit a hardened capsule, seeds very small. The essential oil is obtained from the leaves and the branches of the eucalyptus tree. The oil is a fine decongestant and has strong germicidal and antibacterial effects.

Appearance: Thin

Aroma : : Fresh, balsamic, camphor-like, pungent, dry 

ColorPale yellow-green or colorless

Chemical constituents: Eucalyptus oil has various chemical compounds that include Cineol, pinene, limonene, cymene, phellandrene, terpinene, aromadendrene.

Extraction: A steam distillation process is used to extract the oil from the tree parts.

Aromatherapy uses:
Aromatherapists use the oil for energizing and clarifying aroma. Lots of the hundreds of colds and flu preparations available - cough drops, throat lozenges and chest rubs - contain eucalyptus oil and its derivatives. It provides quite natural treatment for respiratory ailments, bronchitis, feverish conditions, the flu and skin problems such as burns, ulcers and wounds. It makes a wonderful balsamic blend for massaging back and chest to fight bronchitis and other respiratory ailments. Aromatherapy applications rely on the activating, vitalizing and energizing actions the aroma of eucalyptus inspires. An activating eucalyptus massage oil is effective for sore and aching muscles.

Pharmaceutical uses: 
The leaves and oil are especially used for respiratory ailments such as bronchitis, feverish conditions (malaria, typhoid, cholera etc) and skin problems like burns, ulcers and wounds. For wounds and abscesses, the strong germicidal effects of the eucalyptus oil can help heal wounds, burns ulcers and insect bites or stings. It will help loosen phlegm and improve lung functions. Eucalyptus oil is also great for the use in a sickbed environment. The primary active constituent in the eucalyptus species is cineol, which has wide array of medicinal uses. Cineol's medicinal, camphoraceous aroma has antiseptic and expectorant properties. The brisk aroma is energizing.

Cosmetics and toiletries:
Eucalyptus essential oil is highly antiseptic but also very inexpensive, so it's used specifically in aftershaves, colognes, mouthwashes, and household cleansers. The essential oil of eucalyptus, with its main component eucalyptol, is used in many drugstore products as a liniment for sore muscles, in vapor rubs for lung and sinus congestion, in skin blemishes / oily complexion lotions and creams and in shampoos for oily hair. Many people use either eucalyptus leaves or the essential oil in steam baths and saunas by placing a few drops on the hot rocks so that the scent fills the room. Eucalyptus oil helps to clear minor, non-cystic acne problems or skin blemishes by reducing the oiliness of the skin. Eucalyptus is also an essential component of sauna products. Eucalyptus is a stimulating and refreshing oil that may help restore emotional balance and promote concentration. 

Avocado Oil (Prunus Armeniaca)

Avocado Oil (Prunus Armeniaca)
Origin of Avocado essential oil:
It is native to Central America and Mexico. It is widely cultivated for in tropical and sub-tropical areas, including Israel, Spain and south Africa.

Description of Avocado essential oil:
The tree grows to 20 m (65 ft), with alternately arranged, evergreen leaves, 12-25 cm long. The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow 5-10 mm wide. The pear-shaped fruit is botanically a berry.The oil is used in cosmetics, and to some extent in salad dressings. It is a rich heavy oil, that is deeply penetrating and rich in vitamins A and D, lecithin, potassium as well as vitamin E. Avocado oil is a penetrating oil that is easily absorbed and suitable for all skin types. It is an effective skin moisturizer thanks to its regenerating and structuring abilities. It is often part of wrinkle fighting creams and dry skin products composition. 

Appearance : Thick liquid

Color : Light gold/yellow

Chemical constituents: Avocado oil has various chemical compounds that include flavoids, tannins,Pantothenic acid, lecithin, fatty acids which include Palmitic, Palmitoleic, Stearic, Oleic, Linoleic.

Extraction: It is extracted by cold expression of the seed.

Aromatherapy uses:
The aromatherapy properties include regenerative, astringent, carminative, very penetrating and a superb emollient. 

Pharmaceutical uses:
Avocado oil is a penetrating oil that is easily absorbed and suitable for all skin types. It is an effective skin moisturizer due to its regenerating and structuring abilities. It offers nourishing for dry and dehydrated skin, eczema, solar keratosis and improves elasticity. Avocado oil's moisturizing and skin softening properties make it a valuable addition to anti-wrinkle, anti-aging and mature skin blends. It is very useful when treating sun or climate damaged skin that is dehydrated and undernourished as it is said to help with regenerating the skin and softening the tissue.

Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Avocado helps in rubbing hair. It is also believed to be an effective stimulant and is used to make ointments aimed at delaying old age. Avocado oil is especially beneficial in preparations for very dry skin. It is rich in unsaponifiables, avocado oil has outstanding regenerative properties. Like most vegetables oils, due to its content in essential fatty acids, avocado oil offers a restructuring quality, which keeps the skin moisturized. It is also a good hair growth stimulant. Avocado oil is used in many cosmetics and beauty preparations including products for damaged hair (permed or dyed), baby hair, body and hand products (massage oils and creams, sun care products), face care products, eye creams, nourishing creams for damaged, mature, dry and sensitive skin and for baby's skin.

 

Lavender oil (Lavendula Officinalis)

Lavender oil (Lavendula Officinalis)
Origin of Lavender essential oil:
Lavender comes form the Roman word 'Lavare' meaning to wash. It was one of the most favored aromatics used by the Romans in their bathing rituals. Both the Greeks and the Romans burned Lavender twigs as a room purifier to ward off the plague. It was brought to Europe by the Romans.

Description of Lavender :
A shrubby plant with woody branches and long narrow leaves it has purple blue flowers on long spikes. After cutting the plants are dried and steam distilled. Lavender oil has fresh, sweet, floral, herbaceous and slightly fruity. 

Appearance Transparent liquid 

Color: Pale yellow

Chemical constituents: 
Lavender oil has various chemical compounds that include flavonoids, nerol, coumarins, linalool, linyalyl acetate, cineole, Tannis, borneol.

Extraction: Steam distillation of the flowering parts.

Perfumery Note: Top/Middle 

Aromatic Description: Fresh, sweet, floral, herbaceous, slightly fruity.

Therapeutic Effects: 
Lavender essential oil is used as an antiseptic and can be used for many skin conditions and infections of the lungs, digestions and urinary tract. It works brilliantly for migraine. It is also considered to be helpful for nervous system disorders such as depression, headache, hypertension, insomnia, migraine, nervous tension, stress related conditions.

Aromatherapy uses:
A lavender oil soothes nervous exhaustion. It is mostly used for inhalation, bath , room spray and massage. It is used as a cold compress or place a few drops in boiling water and inhale for headaches and migraine. It improves sleep quality, promotes relaxation and lifts mood in people suffering from sleep disorders. Lavender oil helps speed up the body's natural healing and reduce pain and scarring. Oil is included in lotions and it is used in massage oils to help relax muscles. Few drops of lavender oil is added to water (mineral) and spray onto sunburned skin. Enjoy a relaxing bath and relieve stress by adding lavender oil to the bath.

Basil Oil

Basil Oil
Origin of Basil essential oils
Native of Africa and the Seychelles and now grown as a popular culinary herb in Europe. Basil is used in baths and body massage by ancient Greek nobles for its fragrant perfume. The Egyptians used the Aromatic fragrance in their offerings to the gods and also mixed it with essences of myrrh and incense to embalm bodies. In India it is believed to offer protection to the soul and is sacred to the Hindu gods, Krishna and Vishnu.

Description of basil
It can grow up to 3 feet in height and has small white flowers. The essence is distilled from the leaves and is light greenish yellow with sweet green overtones. The crisp smelling of this essential oil is often used in aromatherapy as it awakens the mind to clarity of thought, steadies the nerves. The basil oil has sweet, herbaceous, licorice-like and slightly campherous.

AppearanceFree flowing transparent liquid

AromaSpecific spicy, strong, pleasant and fresh, slightly balsamic with a tarragon note.

ColorLight yellow to yellow-green

Constituents
Basil oil has various chemical compounds that include a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, myrcene, limonene, cis-ocimene, camphor, linalool, methyl chavicol, y-terpineol, citronellol, bornylacetate , methyl cinnamate and eugenol.

ExtractionIt is extracted by steam distillation of leaves.

Pharmaceutical uses
Ideal as a nerve tonic, helpful to lift fatigue, anxiety and depression. It is also good for bronchitis, colds, fever, gout and indigestion and reputed to soothe snake bites. The therapeutic properties of basil oil are analgesic, antidepressant, antispasmodic, anti-venomous, carminative, cephalic, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide, nervine, stomachic, sudorific, tonic and stimulant.

Aromatherapy uses
It also acts as a powerful antiseptic and mostly used for inhalation, baths, massages. Basil essential oil is used typically to massage the skin. It enhances the luster of dull looking skin as well as hair. As a result it is extensively used in many skin care supplements that claim to improve the tone of skin. It is also used for acne and skin infections. It is both soothing and uplifting when diluted in a base oil and used for massage. It has the effect of relieving gloom and fatigue.

Aromatic DescriptionFresh, sweet, floral, herbaceous, slightly fruity.

Therapeutic Effects
Lavender essential oil is used as an antiseptic and can be used for many skin conditions and infections of the lungs, digestions and urinary tract. It works brilliantly for migraine. It is also considered to be helpful for nervous system disorders such as depression, headache, hypertension, insomnia, migraine, nervous tension, stress related conditions.

Basil Oil (Ocimum Basilicum)

Basil Oil (Ocimum Basilicum)
Origin of Basil essential oils : 
Native of Africa and the Seychelles and now grown as a popular culinary herb in Europe. Basil is used in baths and body massage by ancient Greek nobles for its fragrant perfume. The Egyptians used the Aromatic fragrance in their offerings to the gods and also mixed it with essences of myrrh and incense to embalm bodies. In India it is believed to offer protection to the soul and is sacred to the Hindu gods, Krishna and Vishnu.

Description of basil:
It can grow up to 3 feet in height and has small white flowers. The essence is distilled from the leaves and is light greenish yellow with sweet green overtones. The crisp smelling of this essential oil is often used in aromatherapy as it awakens the mind to clarity of thought, steadies the nerves. The basil oil has sweet, herbaceous, licorice-like and slightly campherous.

Appearance Free flowing transparent liquid

Aroma: Specific spicy, strong, pleasant and fresh, slightly balsamic with a tarragon note.

Color: Light yellow to yellow-green

Constituents 
Basil oil has various chemical compounds that include a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, myrcene, limonene, cis-ocimene, camphor, linalool, methyl chavicol, y-terpineol, citronellol, bornylacetate , methyl cinnamate and eugenol.

Extraction: It is extracted by steam distillation of leaves.

Pharmaceutical uses: 
Ideal as a nerve tonic, helpful to lift fatigue, anxiety and depression. It is also good for bronchitis, colds, fever, gout and indigestion and reputed to soothe snake bites. The therapeutic properties of basil oil are analgesic, antidepressant, antispasmodic, anti-venomous, carminative, cephalic, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide, nervine, stomachic, sudorific, tonic and stimulant.

Lemon Oil (citrus Limon)

Lemon Oil (citrus Limon)
Origin of Lemon essential oil: 
The name is derived from the Arabic 'laimun' or the Persian 'limun'. The tree was brought to Europe by the Crusaders in the Middle Ages and the fruit has a good content of vitamins A, B and C. It is used in diffusers in banks to reduce worker-error and it is a popular flavoring agent for food and perfumes.

Description of Lemon plant:
This evergreen tree grows up to about 6 meters (20 feet) and has dark green serrated oval leaves with pink/white flowers that are highly perfumed. The trees have thorns and fruit that turn from green to yellow on ripening. It has serrated oval leaves, thorns and very fragrant flowers. Oil is refreshing and rejuvenating, its aroma inspires and brings fresh energy to the mind.

Appearance: Thin liquid

Aroma : : Strong, Clear, Citrus

Color : Pale yellow with greenish tint

Chemical constituents: Lemon oil has various chemical compounds that include Limonene, Citral, Geranial, Citronellyl Acetate, Pinene, carotene and pectin.

Extraction: It is obtained by cold pressed or expression of the peel.

Aromatherapy uses:
It is highly detoxifying and energizing and also fresh and zesty. It is considered as purifirer for skin and respiratory tract. It has therapeutic properties which includes anti-viral, antitoxic, adaptogen, antifungal, antiseptic, antisclerotic, bactericidal, cicatrizant, insecticidal, diuretic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, vermifuge, hemostatic, hypotensive, vasoconstrictor and decongestant, it also stimulates liver and lymph activity.

Pharmaceutical Uses:
It works like general tonic, infections, detoxification, general fatigue, obesity, balances sebum, acne, oils, warts. It further enhances the shine and growth of hair and nails. It reduces physical exhaustion, digestion, rheumatism, arthritis, colds, flu and all respiratory disorders. It Promotes weight loss, reduces cellulite, useful for oily complexions. Strengthens epidermis function, aids epidermal circulation, gland stimulant and purification. Stimulates connective tissue, elastin and collagen.

Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Lemon oil is used to scent candles, freshen potpourri, in soap making, massage oils, bath oil and as a perfume body oil. Lemon oil added to water and spray counter tops to sterilize utensils. Dishcloth soaked overnight in a bowl of water and a drop of lemon oil disinfect and kill germs. Drop of lemon oil added to dishwasher before the wash cycle cleans the surface. Use a paper towel soaked with several drops of lemon oil to sanitize bathroom fixtures. Place a drop of lemon oil on cold sores, herpes or other mouth ulcers to lessen pain and aid healing. Put a drop of lemon oil on bleeding gums caused by gingivitis or tooth extraction.

Lemon oil is used as a Fragrance oil for its citrus odour. It is also used as incence burner.

Lemon oil (Citrus limon)

Lemon oil (Citrus limon)
Origin of Lemon essential oil: 
The name is derived from the Arabic 'laimun' or the Persian 'limun'. The tree was brought to Europe by the Crusaders in the Middle Ages and the fruit has a good content of vitamins A, B and C. It is used in diffusers in banks to reduce worker-error and it is a popular flavoring agent for food and perfumes.

Description of Lemon plant:
This evergreen tree grows up to about 6 meters (20 feet) and has dark green serrated oval leaves with pink/white flowers that are highly perfumed. The trees have thorns and fruit that turn from green to yellow on ripening. It has serrated oval leaves, thorns and very fragrant flowers. Oil is refreshing and rejuvenating, its aroma inspires and brings fresh energy to the mind.

Appearance: Thin liquid

Aroma : : Strong, Clear, Citrus

Color : Pale yellow with greenish tint

Chemical constituents: Lemon oil has various chemical compounds that include Limonene, Citral, Geranial, Citronellyl Acetate, Pinene, carotene and pectin.

Extraction: It is obtained by cold pressed or expression of the peel.

Aromatherapy uses:
It is highly detoxifying and energizing and also fresh and zesty. It is considered as purifirer for skin and respiratory tract. It has therapeutic properties which includes anti-viral, antitoxic, adaptogen, antifungal, antiseptic, antisclerotic, bactericidal, cicatrizant, insecticidal, diuretic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, vermifuge, hemostatic, hypotensive, vasoconstrictor and decongestant, it also stimulates liver and lymph activity.

Pharmaceutical Uses:
It works like general tonic, infections, detoxification, general fatigue, obesity, balances sebum, acne, oils, warts. It further enhances the shine and growth of hair and nails. It reduces physical exhaustion, digestion, rheumatism, arthritis, colds, flu and all respiratory disorders. It Promotes weight loss, reduces cellulite, useful for oily complexions. Strengthens epidermis function, aids epidermal circulation, gland stimulant and purification. Stimulates connective tissue, elastin and collagen.

Lemongrass Oil (cymbopogon Citratus)

Lemongrass Oil (cymbopogon Citratus)
Origin of Lemongrass essential oil: 
An aromatic grass native to tropical regions in India and also cultivated in Guatemala, Brazil, China, Africa, Haiti, Madagascar, Sri Lanka and Nepal.

Description of Lemongrass : 
It is a perennial, aromatic, tall grass with rhizomes and densely tufted fibrous roots. It has short underground stems with ringed segments, coarse, green slightly leathery leaves in dense clusters, terminating in a long bristly point. The blades of the grass are about 90 cms long and 0.5 cm wide. 

Appearance : Thin sherry coloured

Aroma : Fresh, Lemony and Earthy

Color : Dark Yellow to amber and reddish 

Chemical constituents:: Lemongrass oil has various chemical compounds that include myrcene, citronellal, geranyl acetate, nerol, neral and traces of limonene and citral.

Extraction: It is extracted by the steam distillation of the dry leaves.

Aromatherapy uses: 
It has a pleasant lemony fragrance and has antidepressant, antiseptic, bactericide, carminative, deodorant, digestive, diuretic, fungicide, galactagogue, insecticide, prophylactic, stimulant and tonic properties. Its aroma inspires and brings fresh energy, clears the mind. Popular skin care ingredient for oily, mature and inflamed skin (in moderation). This reviving oil will re-energize a person and helps the body recover after illness by invigorating the glandular system.

Bergamot Essential Oil (Laurus Nobilis)

Bergamot Essential Oil (Laurus Nobilis)
Origin of Bergamot Essential Oil :
This tree is native to South East Asia but was introduced to Europe and Italy and is also found in the Ivory Coast, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. The name is derived from the city Bergamo in Lombardy, Italy, where the oil was first sold.

Description of Bergamot:
A delicate, small tree about 4-5-meters (16 ft) high, with smooth oval leaves. The plant flowers twice a year-in the spring and at the end of summer. The bergamot orange is a fruit, small and roughly pear shaped. The fruit, produced in Italy, is a cross between the pear lemon and the seville orange or grape fruit. The fruit is sour and its aromatic peel is used to produce an essential oil that is used in Earl grey tea, perfumes and in aromatheraphy to treat depression. It is also used as a digestive aid.

Appearance :Liquid

Aroma: It is a fruity citrus oil of spicy-floral freshness.

Color : Greenish/yellow

Chemical constituents: 
Bergamot oil has various chemical compounds that include terpinolene, myrcene, methulacetophenone, carotenoids and triterpenoids.

Bitter Almond Oil (Prunus Amygdalus)

Bitter Almond Oil (Prunus Amygdalus)
Origin of Bitter almond essential oil: 
The Bitter almond tree is native to Western Asia and North Africa and is widely cultivated in Spain, Turkey, Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt. Separating the kernels from their shells and then crushing them in a press produces a fixed oil. Bitter almond oil is not present in the nuts in their natural state.

Description of Bitter almond : 
A tree reaching up to 7-meter (22 ft) high. It has pinky white blossom and is popular as a garden tree 

Appearance : Thin and strongly refractive liquid

Aroma : Sweet nutty aroma reminiscent of almond kernels, cherry aroma.

Color : Colorless 

Chemical constituents:: Bitter almond oil has various chemical compounds that include benzaldehyde and hydrocyanic (prussic acid).

ExtractionBitter almond essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the kernels.

Aromatherapy uses: 
Bitter almond oil contains an enzyme amygdalin, yielding glucose, cyanide and the essential oil which is used medicinally as it contains 6 to 8% of prussic acid. The nut of the tree has also been used as a preventative for alcohol intoxication. 

It is warming, lubricant, expectorant, controls cough and laxative. The kernel is considered anti-tussive, expectorant, , anthelmintic, antispasmodic, demulcent, pectoral and vulnerary and are used for common cold, coughs, bronchial asthma, rheumatism, tumors and constipation in the elderly.

Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)

Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)
Origin of Pepper, Black oil:
The plant originated from India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Madagascar and the oil is mostly made in India.

Description of Pepper, Black:
Its a climbing perennial plant which will climb 20 or more feet but for commercial purposes it is restricted to 12 feet. The plant is rooting at the nodes and stem glabrous. Berry globular, when wipe turning black after dying. It is a strong and sharp spicy smelling oil and bitter to taste. Oil is a pale yellow irritating liquid with a sharp peppery odor and is obtained by steam distillation of the unripe dried fruit (peppercorns) of the plant Piper nigrum (black pepper). Oil is commonly used in food, healing oils and aromatherapy.

Appearance :Viscous liquid 

Aroma: Crisp, Fresh, Peppercorn aroma

Color : Yellowish brown

Chemical constituents: 
Black pepper oil has various chemical compounds that include Limonene, Pinene, Myrcene, Phellandrene, Beta-caryophyllene, Beta-bisabolene, Sabinene, Linalol, Pinocarveol, Alpha, Terpineol, Camphene and Terpenene.

Extraction It is extracted by steam distillation.

Nagarmotha Oil (cyperus Rotundus)

Nagarmotha Oil (cyperus Rotundus)
Origin of Nagarmotha essential oil
The genus name Cyperus is from Cypeiros which was the ancient Greek name for the genus. Rotundus is Latin for round and refers to the tuber. Grown in tropical areas and along roadsides, sandy fields and cultivated ground in such countries as the Bahamas, Java, Samoa, China, Japan, Egypt, Sudan, Turkey, Iran, India, France and Venezuela.

Description of Nagarmotha essential
It is a smooth, erect, perennial sedge. Its tubers are white and succulent when young, turning brown or black and fibrous with age. The erect, simple culms are smooth, solid and triangular in cross section. The culms are frequently up to 36-40 cm tall, occasionally to 70 cm, and have been found to reach 100 cm on moist fertile soils. The leaves originate from the base of the plant.

AppearanceViscous liquid

Aroma Dry, Woody, Earthy

Color Dark amber to light brown

Chemical constituentsNagarmotha oil has various chemical compounds that include cyperone, selinene, cyperene, cyperotundone, patchoulenone, sugeonol, kobusone and isokobusone.

Extraction It is extracted by the steam distillation of roots.

Aromatherapy uses
Nagarmotha essential oil is good for anorexia, vomiting, diarrhoea, intestinal bleeding, dysentery and specific and non-specific colitis. It has very good digestive and carminative properties.

Pharmaceutical Uses
Nagarmotha essential oil is helpful with bronco-pulmonary congestion, mucus, scabies and scanty periods. It is an effective killer of intestinal worms, a diuretic and anti-pyretic medicine. It is also described as an anti-inflammatory medicine, a general and nervine tonic, a promoter of uterine contractions and an excellent binder of stool. The essential oil is also used in various other ailments like fever, burning maturation, skin diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, painful menstruation, neurasthenia, general debility, kidney stones, fibromyalgia, gout and other uric acid sensitive conditions. Nagarmotha essential oil helpful in bronco-pulmonary congestion, mucus, scabies, and scanty periods. Nagarmotha essential oil has very good digestive and carminative properties, nagarmotha essential oil is an effective killer of intestinal worms, a diuretic and anti-pyretic medicine. Nagarmotha essential oil may also be useful in kidney stones, fibromyalgia, gout and other uric acid sensitive conditions.

Cosmetics and Toiletries
Nagarmotha contains pinenes and cineole. It is a neutral waxy substance and is used as a hair wash and treating hair and scalp disorders. It dilates the small capillary and acts on the sebaceous glands at the hair root and stimulates them. It has been in use for centuries for anointing body. It is also widely used for skincare, loose motions, excessive thirst and for reducing swellings. Nagarmotha Oil is used in perfumery compounds and in the manufacture of soaps, medicine, cosmetics and incence sticks. The use of Nagar motha essential oil is predominantly export oriented. Around 75% to 85% production is exported to European countries.

Cardamom Oil (gaultheria Procumbens)

Cardamom Oil (gaultheria Procumbens)
Origin of Cardamom essential oil:
Cardamom grows wild and is cultivated in India and Ceylon. Cardamom was well known in ancient times and the Egyptians used it in perfumes and incense and chewed it to whiten their teeth, while the Romans used it for their stomachs when they over-indulged. The Arabs ground it to use their coffee and it is an important ingredient in Asian cooking. Valerius first distilled the essential oil in 1544 after the Portuguese discovered the East.

Description of Cardamom essential:
Cardamom is one of the most significant, valuable spices in the world. It consists of the small, highly aromatic pods or seed capsules of a perennial plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It grows up to 4 meters (13 feet) high and has long, green silky blades, small yellowy flowers with a violet tip and a large fleshy rhizome, similar to ginger. Oblong gray fruits follow the flowers, each containing many seeds. Cardamom is a perennial reedlike herb native to Asia and southern India that grows up to 13 feet tall. A relative of ginger, the fruits contain small reddish-brown seeds from which the essential oils is extracted. Long used in Asia as a culinary herb and oftern used in Eastern aphrodisiacs, although it is not certain whether it has any physiological effect in this area.

Appearance : Liquid 

Aroma : Sweet, hot-spicy, very powerful note. Smells just like the spice commonly used in cooking, a bit exotic, yet soft and fruity

Color : Clear to pale yellow

Chemical constituents: Cardamom oil has various chemical compounds that include pinene, pinene, sabinene, myrcene, phellandrene, limonene, cineole,terpinene, cymene, terpinolene, linalool, linalyl acetate, terpinen-4-oil, terpineol, terpineol acetate, citronellol, nerol, geraniol, methyl eugenol and trans-nerolidol.

Extraction: It is extracted by steam distillation of dried seeds.

Aromatherapy uses:
The essential oil of cardamom is used for its uplifting and invigorating properties and helps digestion and nausea. It is used as an aphrodisiac, helpful in countering the irritation experienced during premenstrual tension (PMS) and works well on the respiratory system, to ease coughs and warming the body. It is antiseptic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, stimulant, stomachic, tonic and anti-spasmodic. Cardamom is used internally for indigestion, nausea, vomiting and pulmonary disease with copious phlegm. It can be used with a laxative to prevent stomach pain, griping, as well as flatulence. The seeds are also chewed to sweeten the breath and taken to detoxify caffeine in people taking excessive amounts of coffee. 

Flavorings :
The seeds are extensively used in foods in Northern Europe and the Middle East. It is used to flavor coffee, baked goods, curries and pickles, milk desserts and mulled wine. In flavouring they are combined with oils of Orange, Cinnamon, Cloves, and Caraway. They are used in coffees, meats, fish dishes, cookies and many other cuisines. They offer strong seasoning action. They are a powerful stimulant, carminative and diuretic. They check nausea and vomiting. They are also used as mouth freshners and support digestion. They are truly unique in aroma, flavor, size and color tempting parrot green. Because of their unique properties they are also used for perfumery, beverages, cosmetics and a blend of potpourris. The cardamom fruit may be used whole or its seeds may be used as ground. The crushed seeds of the pods are frequently added to curries and another south Asian spice mix, garam masala. 

Neem Oil (azadirachta Indica)

Neem Oil (azadirachta Indica)
Origin of Neem essential oil:
Native to India, Neem is widely planted and naturalized in semiarid areas throughout Asia and Africa. Neem is an evergreen of the tropics and sub-tropics. 

Description of Neem :
Neem is a medium sized to large tree characterized by its short straight trunk, furrowed dark brown to gray bark and dense rounded crowns of pinnate leaves. Neem is nature's answer for protection against the degenerative effects of a modern polluted environment. The Neem tree has been known as the wonder tree for centuries in the Indian subcontinent. It has become important in the global context today because it offers answers to the major concerns facing mankind.

Appearance : Viscous liquid

Aroma : Rich, Earthy and Green musty smell.

Color : Brown 

Chemical constituents:: Neem oil has various chemical compounds that include Margosic Acid, Nimbin,Nimbidin, Nimbinin, Kaempeerol, Azadirone, Quercursertin, B - Sitosterol, Praisine,Vanilic Acid, Nimbicetin and Meliacins.

Extraction: It is obtained by solvent extraction of seed, fruit or kernel

Aromatherapy uses: 
It may inhibit the development of viruses and prevent them from entering and infecting cells. Neem appears to be an appropriate herbal remedy for numerous skin disorders. It is rich in fatty acids and glycerides and together with its healing properties provides an excellent natural moisturizing base for skin care formulations. It is a very lubricating and penetrating oil and is considered a supremely "healing" oil, useful for painful joints and muscles. It has a very beneficial effect on clearing up scalp conditions and dandruff and is also used to promote healing of wounds.

Pharmaceutical uses:: 
It is one of the most widely used ayurvedic herbs and is used to detoxify the body. A new and recent development is to use it for treating diabetes. It has been used to treat malaria, tuberculosis, arthritis, intestinal worms as well as to treat skin disease. Some cases of dry psoriasis as well as fungal infections have shown a good response when treated with neem oil. It is also helpful in treating hemorrhoids. Neem oil is mildly antiseptic when applied externally. Neem oil can also suffocate mites, whiteflies, aphids and other types of soft bodied insects on contact. Neem is a herbal remedy for the medication of fever, gastrointestinal disease, skin disorders, respiratory disease, intestinal parasites, immune system disorder and yeast infections in pets. 

All parts of the tree possess medicinal properties. The leaves are useful in relieving flatulence, promoting the removal of catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tubes, and in increasing secretion and discharge of urine. They also act as an insecticide. The bark is a bitter tonic and stimulant. It arrests secretions and bleeding besides counter-acting any spasmodic disorders. The root bark has the same properties as the bark of the trunk. The gum discharged by the stem is a stimulant and tonic with a soothing effect on the skin and mucous membranes. 

Neem Oil (Azadirachta Indica)

Neem Oil (Azadirachta Indica)
Origin of Neem essential oil:
Native to India, Neem is widely planted and naturalized in semiarid areas throughout Asia and Africa. Neem is an evergreen of the tropics and sub-tropics. 

Description of Neem :
Neem is a medium sized to large tree characterized by its short straight trunk, furrowed dark brown to gray bark and dense rounded crowns of pinnate leaves. Neem is nature's answer for protection against the degenerative effects of a modern polluted environment. The Neem tree has been known as the wonder tree for centuries in the Indian subcontinent. It has become important in the global context today because it offers answers to the major concerns facing mankind.

Appearance : Viscous liquid

Aroma : Rich, Earthy and Green musty smell.

Color : Brown 

Chemical constituents:: Neem oil has various chemical compounds that include Margosic Acid, Nimbin,Nimbidin, Nimbinin, Kaempeerol, Azadirone, Quercursertin, B - Sitosterol, Praisine,Vanilic Acid, Nimbicetin and Meliacins.

Extraction: It is obtained by solvent extraction of seed, fruit or kernel

Aromatherapy uses: 
It may inhibit the development of viruses and prevent them from entering and infecting cells. Neem appears to be an appropriate herbal remedy for numerous skin disorders. It is rich in fatty acids and glycerides and together with its healing properties provides an excellent natural moisturizing base for skin care formulations. It is a very lubricating and penetrating oil and is considered a supremely "healing" oil, useful for painful joints and muscles. It has a very beneficial effect on clearing up scalp conditions and dandruff and is also used to promote healing of wounds.

Pharmaceutical uses:: 
It is one of the most widely used ayurvedic herbs and is used to detoxify the body. A new and recent development is to use it for treating diabetes. It has been used to treat malaria, tuberculosis, arthritis, intestinal worms as well as to treat skin disease. Some cases of dry psoriasis as well as fungal infections have shown a good response when treated with neem oil. It is also helpful in treating hemorrhoids. Neem oil is mildly antiseptic when applied externally. Neem oil can also suffocate mites, whiteflies, aphids and other types of soft bodied insects on contact. Neem is a herbal remedy for the medication of fever, gastrointestinal disease, skin disorders, respiratory disease, intestinal parasites, immune system disorder and yeast infections in pets.

Carrot Seed Oil (Daucus Carota)

Carrot Seed Oil (Daucus Carota)
Origin of carrot seed oil:
Carrot Seed oil comes from wild Queen Anne's Lace also known as Wild Carrot. The name is derived from the Greek 'Carotos' and it had great medicinal value in ancient times, especially for its carminative properties. Some of its places of origin are England, France and Europe. Carrot has been known as a medicinal and culinary plant from before the 1st century A.D. In modern application, it is used for cancer patients, especially those with stomach and throat problems.

Description of carrot seed:
Carrot leaves are triangular to oblong, basically it's an annual herb. The stems are erect and branched generally about 2 feet high, tough and furrowed. Carrot seed oil has a slightly dry, sweet and earthy aroma. Since carrot seed oil contains carotene and vitamin A, it is also very good for healthy skin, hair, gums and teeth and is also associated with good eyesight.

Extraction : steam distillation of dried seed

Appearance : Clear liquid

Aroma : Dry, Pungent, Sweet, Earthy, Root-like, Woody 

Color: Yellow

Chemical constituents: Carrot seed oil has various chemical compounds that include a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, y-terpinene, limonene, b-bisabolene, geranyl acetate and carotol.

Aromatherapy : 
The therapeutic properties of carrot seed oil are antiseptic, carminative, cytophylactic, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, hepatic, stimulant, tonic and vermifuge

Pharmaceutical uses :
It is helpful for arthritis, rheumatism, gout, edema and the accumulation of toxins in muscles and joints and also strengthens the mucus membranes in the nose, throat and lungs and thus having a beneficial effect on problems such as bronchitis and influenza. It relieves fluid retention and can be beneficial in cases of anorexia, while it revitalizes and tones the skin, helping in cases of dermatitis, eczema and rashes. It has a positive action on the skin, being used as a natural tanning agent and skin toner to protect aging and wrinkled skin. It is beneficial in facial washes, after-shaves and cleansing lotions for problem skin. An all around "skin" oil it improves tone and appears to have moisturizing properties.

Cosmetics and Toiletries :
The essential oil makes a wonderful facial blend for mature and weathered skin. It is beneficial in facial washes, after- shaves and cleansing lotions for problem skin. An all around "skin" blend, it improves tone and appears to have moisturizing properties. Mildly stimulating it is reputed to have a healthful effect on the liver, the immune and lymphatic systems, and for relieving PMS and regulating monthly cycles, as well as to ease anxiety and stress. It is an interesting addition to a diffuser or personal aroma, with benefits being replenishing, nourishing, restoring. 

Carrot Seed Oil (Daucus Carota)

Carrot Seed Oil (Daucus Carota)
Origin of carrot seed oil:
Carrot Seed oil comes from wild Queen Anne's Lace also known as Wild Carrot. The name is derived from the Greek 'Carotos' and it had great medicinal value in ancient times, especially for its carminative properties. Some of its places of origin are England, France and Europe. Carrot has been known as a medicinal and culinary plant from before the 1st century A.D. In modern application, it is used for cancer patients, especially those with stomach and throat problems.

Description of carrot seed:
Carrot leaves are triangular to oblong, basically it's an annual herb. The stems are erect and branched generally about 2 feet high, tough and furrowed. Carrot seed oil has a slightly dry, sweet and earthy aroma. Since carrot seed oil contains carotene and vitamin A, it is also very good for healthy skin, hair, gums and teeth and is also associated with good eyesight.

Extraction : steam distillation of dried seed

Appearance : Clear liquid

Aroma : Dry, Pungent, Sweet, Earthy, Root-like, Woody 

Color: Yellow

Chemical constituents: Carrot seed oil has various chemical compounds that include a-pinene, camphene, b-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, y-terpinene, limonene, b-bisabolene, geranyl acetate and carotol.

Aromatherapy : 
The therapeutic properties of carrot seed oil are antiseptic, carminative, cytophylactic, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, hepatic, stimulant, tonic and vermifuge

Pharmaceutical uses :
It is helpful for arthritis, rheumatism, gout, edema and the accumulation of toxins in muscles and joints and also strengthens the mucus membranes in the nose, throat and lungs and thus having a beneficial effect on problems such as bronchitis and influenza. It relieves fluid retention and can be beneficial in cases of anorexia, while it revitalizes and tones the skin, helping in cases of dermatitis, eczema and rashes. It has a positive action on the skin, being used as a natural tanning agent and skin toner to protect aging and wrinkled skin. It is beneficial in facial washes, after-shaves and cleansing lotions for problem skin. An all around "skin" oil it improves tone and appears to have moisturizing properties.

Cedarwood oil (Santalum album)

Cedarwood oil (Santalum album)
Origin of Cedarwood essential oil:
The tree is native to the mountains of western Himalayas and ages up to 1,000 years. This is the tree Solomon used to build the Temple in Jerusalem.

Description of Cedarwood:
The trees grows upto 30 m, single-stemmed, crown narrowly erect to conical, round or flattened. Bark is brown, exfoliating in thin strips, that of small branchlets (5-10 mm diam.). Branches pendulous to ascending and branchlets generally erect. It is tall with spicy-resinous scented wood thick ridged or square-cracked bark and broad, level branches. The shoots are dimorphic, with long shoots, which form the framework of the branches, and short shoots, which carry most of the leaves. The leaves are evergreen and needle-like, 8-60 mm long, arranged singly in an open spiral long shoots. 

Appearance : Viscous transparent liquid

Aroma : Woody, Sweet, Slight aroma reminiscent of artificial mothballs 

Color : Light golden yellow

Chemical constituents: Cedarwood oil has various chemical compounds that include atlantone, caryophyllene, cedrol, cadinene, a-cedrene, b-cedrene, thujopsene, other sesquiterpenes and widdrol.

Extraction: It is extracted by the steam distillation of the wood.

Nutmeg oil (Myristica Fragrans)

Nutmeg oil (Myristica Fragrans)
Origin of Nutmeg essential oil:
It is native to southeast Asia and Amboine islands in the Moluccas, Indonesia. It is commercially cultivated in Indonesia (East Indian) and Grenada (West Indian), and to a smaller extent in Sri Lanka (East Indian).

Description of Nutmeg:
A spreading deciduous evergreen tree 15 to 20-meters (49 to 66 ft) high, with dark green leaves, yellow flowers without petals and large yellowish fruit. All parts of the tree are aromatic. Female trees produce the pale brownish yellow, fleshy fruit that splits into two at maturity. The oil has the characteristic aromatic, volatile, oily-spicy fragrance of whole nutmegs. Nutmeg is the actual seed of the tree, roughly egg-shaped and about 20-30 mm long and 15-18 mm wide, and weighing between 5 and 10 grams dried, while mace is the dried "lacy" reddish covering of the seed. Several other commercial products are also produced from the trees, including essential oil, oleo resin and nutmeg butter.

Appearance : Thin liquid

Aroma : Spicy and warm

Color : Colorless or liquid

Chemical constituents: Nutmeg oil has various chemical compounds that include monoterpene hydrocarbons, oxygenated monoterpenes, Terpinen-4-ol, Pinene, Sabinene, Cineole, Camphene, Limonene, Myristicin and Alpha Terpenene.

Extraction: It is extracted by the steam distillation of ground nutmeg.

Aromatherapy uses:
Nutmeg may be used in a massage oil for the relief of muscular aches and rheumatic pain. The therapeutic properties are analgesic, anti emetic, antioxidant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiparasitic, aphrodisiaac, cardiac, larvicidal, laxative, stimulant(energetic) and tonic. It helps in removing problems which results in arthritis, constipation, fatigue, muscle aches, nausea, neralgia, poor circulation, rheumatism and slow digestion. Nutmeg essential oil is rejuvenating, uplifting and energizing.

Palmrosa Oil (Citrus Sinensis)

Palmrosa Oil (Citrus Sinensis)
Origin of Palmrosa essential oil:
Native to India, now growing in Brazil, Guatemala, Madagascar, Indonesia, Africa. It is a wild growing, herbaceous green and straw-colored grass, with long slender stems, terminal flowering tops and fragrant grassy leaves. There are two varieties of grass from which the oil can be extracted - motia and sofia. 

Description of Palmrosa essential:
A perennial, sweet scented grass, 1.5-2.5 m in height. Leaves linear lanceolate, finely caudate, flowers in spikelets turning reddish brown when mature. Palmarosa is a bright and cheerful oil with slightly floral and woodsy notes and just a hint of citrus undertones. Palmarosa is such a refreshing addition to any massage or facial because it is uplifting and cleansing at the same time.

Appearance : Liquid

Aroma : Soft, Fresh, Citrus, Green and Rose-like

Color : Colorless to pale yellow

Chemical constituents: Palmrosa oil has various chemical compounds that include myrcene, linalool, geranyl acetate, dipentene and limonene.

Extraction: It is extracted by the hydro distillation of fresh leaves.

Aromatherapy uses:
The therapeutic properties of Palmarosa oil are antiseptic, antiviral, hydrating, cools body, bactericide, cytophylactic, digestive, cicatrizant, cellular stimulant, , tonic (nervous and uterine) febrifuge and hydrating.

Hedychium Oil (hedychium Spicatum)

Hedychium Oil (hedychium Spicatum)
Origin of Hedychium oil: 
The plant is a native of the Himalayas and the rhizome is known in Hindoostan as kafur-kachri or kapur-kachri and is kept dried in slices which are ½ to 3/8 inch in diameter and from ¼ to 3/8 inch in thickness.

Description of Hedychium oil:
It is an annual herb with horizontal root-stock and tubesous root fibres, leaves are 30 cms or at times more than that in length. Flowers ascending and densed and of yellow in color. Inflorescene is spiked. Capsule is globose. The rhizomes are aromatic with bitter camphorous taste.

Appearance: Liquid

Aroma : : Aromatic with a fragrant, somewhat pungent smell 

Color : Light yellow color

Chemical constituents: Hedychium oil has various chemical compounds that include ethyl ester of p-methoxy cinnamic acid, sesquiterpenes and methyl paracumarine acetate. It also contains sitosterol and its glycoside.

Extraction: It is extracted by the steam distillation of berries.

Aromatherapy uses:
Some of the properties include bactericide, fungicide, stomachic, tonic and expectorant. It is also used as febrifuge, excitant and anti-rheumatic in the Ayurvedic system. It has been prescribed and used in treatment of headache, lancinating pain, contusion, inflammatory and intense pain due to rheumatism etc. It is used in nausea, liver disorder, bronchial asthma, halitosis and vomiting. Also useful in diminished appetite, hiccups, local inflammation etc

Patchouli Oil

Origin of Patchouli essential oil:
Patchouli was first described by botanists in the Philippines in 1845. The plant originated in Southeast Asia and is extensively cultivated in various Indonesian Islands, India, Philippines, Malaysia, China and South America . Today growing interest in its fragrance has led to patchouli's widespread cultivation throughout tropical Asia. The name "patchouli" ("patch" meaning leaf and "ilia" meaning green) originates from India.

Description of Patchouli :
Patchouli is a member of the mint family. It is a large 3 feet perennial mint which grows in tropical climates. Patchouli oil has a rich musky-sweet, strong spicy and herbaceous smell. It is light yellow to dark brown in color and is a thick oil.

Appearance : Viscous liquid

Aroma : Heavy, exotic, rich, balsamic, herbaceous

Color : Reddish brown

Chemical constituents: Patchouli oil has various chemical compounds that include b-patchoulene, guaiene, caryophyllene, patchoulene, seychellene, bulnesene, norpatchoulenol, patchouli alcohol and pogostol.

Extraction: It is mainly extracted by steam distillation of dry leaves.

Aromatherapy uses:
Patchouli essential oil is used as a tropical remedy for skin problems such as acne, eczema, inflamed, cracked, chapped and irritated skin. It is known as a cell rejuvenator and helpful in healing wounds and scars. As an antifungal it has been used to treat athlete's foot. It helps to reduce tension, insomnia and anxiety. It is also know as uplifting fragrance that helps to soothe away everyday cares and to bring about a sense of nourishment. The very intense aroma is described as earthy, rich, sweet, balsamic, woody and spicy. It is said to be a good sedative, nerve tonic and aphrodisiac. It is also used to combat depression, frigidity, anxiety, dandruff, wrinkles, herpes and other fungal infections.

Pharmaceutical uses:
Patchouli oil has a grounding and balancing effect on the emotions and banishes lethargy. While sharpening the wits, fighting depression and anxiety. It is also said to create an amorous atmosphere. With its excellent diuretic properties it is effective in fighting water retention and easing constipation and helping to reduce overweight. Patchouli oil is very effective in sorting out rough, cracked and overly dehydrated skin and is used to treat acne, acne, eczema, sores, ulcers, any fungal infections as well as scalp disorders.

Bay Leaf Oil (laurus Nobilis)

Origin of Bay leaf oil:
The tree grows all over the Mediterranean, India and Turkey being the main producers. Because of its poor resistance to freezes, laurel cannot be grown outdoors in more Northern regions (except some fortunate parts of Britain). Contrary to some other originally Mediterranean plants, the common cultivation in medieval monasteries has not lead to more hardy breeds.

Description of Bay leaf:
The bay tree is an evergreen, reaching 7.5 to 9 meters (25- 30 feet), sprouting thick glossy leaves. When in season the Bay produces yellow tinged flowers and rich black berries. Fresh bay leaves are very strongly aromatic but also quite bitter. An essential oil is a concentrated, aromatic, volatile liquid composed of small oil-like molecules. The bay oil has a fresh-spicy top note, with a rich sweet-balsamic undertone, faintly sweet-balsamic dry out. Oil is relaxing and warming.

Appearance :Pale yellow liquid

Aroma: Herbaceous, round, green aroma, smelling of the woods and slightly minty 

Extraction : fresh or dried leaves are extracted.

Chemical constituents: 
Bay leaf oil has various chemical compounds that include cineol, eugenol, acetyl eugenol, methyl eugenol, pinene, phellandrene, linalool, and terpineol.

Bay leaf oil Therapeutic Effects:
The therapeutic properties of Bay leaf oil include analgesic, anticonvulsant, anti neuralgic, expectorant, anti rheumatic, antiseptic, astrigent, stimulant and tonic(for hair) that control dandruff and promote hair growth. It also helps in eradicating problems like aching muscles, calming, toning, nervous, tension and stress, pain, treat muscular aches, neuralgia, rheumatism and poor circulation. 

Aromatherapy Uses: 
Bay leaves are used to make perfumes to add fragrance to skin care products. Bay essential oil has a strong, spicy, and pungent aroma. Most popular use is in a liniment or massage oil to stimulant lymph and blood circulation. Oil produces a heat sensation which alleviates muscle tension when rubbed on the body. Oil also improves memory and helps relieve headaches as well as sinus and lung congestion and useful for treating high blood sugar, migraine headaches, bacterial and fungal infections and gastric ulcers. 

Flavor industry : Bay leaves consist of mainly eugenol content, mostly used in flavouring agents in souffles, pies, tarts. It is also used as carrier oils for preservatives, mouth freshners, mouth wash, flavouring agents for spices and condiments.

Lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon citratus)

Origin of Lemongrass essential oil: 
An aromatic grass native to tropical regions in India and also cultivated in Guatemala, Brazil, China, Africa, Haiti, Madagascar, Sri Lanka and Nepal.

Description of Lemongrass : 
It is a perennial, aromatic, tall grass with rhizomes and densely tufted fibrous roots. It has short underground stems with ringed segments, coarse, green slightly leathery leaves in dense clusters, terminating in a long bristly point. The blades of the grass are about 90 cms long and 0.5 cm wide. 

Appearance : Thin sherry coloured

Aroma : Fresh, Lemony and Earthy

Color : Dark Yellow to amber and reddish 

Chemical constituents:: Lemongrass oil has various chemical compounds that include myrcene, citronellal, geranyl acetate, nerol, , neral and traces of limonene and citral.

Extraction: It is extracted by the steam distillation of the dry leaves.

Aromatherapy uses: 
It has a pleasant lemony fragrance and has antidepressant, antiseptic, bactericide, carminative, deodorant, digestive, diuretic, fungicide, galactagogue, insecticide, prophylactic, stimulant and tonic properties. Its aroma inspires and brings fresh energy, clears the mind. Popular skin care ingredient for oily, mature and inflamed skin (in moderation). This reviving oil will re-energize a person and helps the body recover after illness by invigorating the glandular system. 

Pharmaceutical uses:: 
Oil treats problems with the digestive system, usually in children and is also useful for relieving muscle spasms. It furthermore has a positive effect on nervous conditions and provides a gentle boost when exhausted. Lemon grass can be used externally to treat ringworm, lice, athletes foot, arthritis and scabies. It is used to normalize and balance overactive oil glands, dandruff and similar skin problems. It is commonly used in acne and insect repellant blends.

Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Lemongrass is a favorite of soapers for its staying power in soap. It is excellent for skin and supporting the body, use in a carrier lotion or oil for massage. Lemongrass can be used with a carrier in the bath. It is used in insect repellents, room sprays, soaps and detergents. Lemongrass essential oil is found most often in cosmetics such as hair conditioner and facial water lotion for oily hair and skin. 

Lemongrass essential oil can also be used as a deodorant to curb perspiration. It is used in making body butter which replenishes moisture to skin cells while protecting the skin. Natural fresh-cut lemongrass detoxifies as it purifies. 
After the distillation process, the exhausted grass is used locally to feed cattle.

Flavorings :
Lemon grass features in Indonesian, Malaysian, Sri Lankan and Indian cooking and is widely used in savoury dishes and meat, poultry, seafood and vegetable curries. It harmonizes well with coconut milk, especially with chicken or seafood, and there are countless Thai and Sri Lankan recipes based on lemongrass. The stems are also used in teas or used in pickles and in flavouring marinades.

Lemongrass tea can be prepared by steeping 1-2 tsp of the herb (fresh or dried) in a cup of boiling water. The mixture should be strained after 10-15 minutes. The tea is generally taken several times a day and is rejuvenating. The dried spice is available in several forms: chopped in slices, cut and sifted, powdered and is often used as salad dressing.

Bitter Almond Oil ( Prunus Amygdalus)

Origin of Bitter almond essential oil: 
The Bitter almond tree is native to Western Asia and North Africa and is widely cultivated in Spain, Turkey, Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt. Separating the kernels from their shells and then crushing them in a press produces a fixed oil. Bitter almond oil is not present in the nuts in their natural state.

Description of Bitter almond : 
A tree reaching up to 7-meter (22 ft) high. It has pinky white blossom and is popular as a garden tree 

Appearance : Thin and strongly refractive liquid

Aroma : Sweet nutty aroma reminiscent of almond kernels, cherry aroma.

Color : Colorless 

Chemical constituents:: Bitter almond oil has various chemical compounds that include benzaldehyde and hydrocyanic (prussic acid).

ExtractionBitter almond essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the kernels.

Aromatherapy uses: 
Bitter almond oil contains an enzyme amygdalin, yielding glucose, cyanide and the essential oil which is used medicinally as it contains 6 to 8% of prussic acid. The nut of the tree has also been used as a preventative for alcohol intoxication. 

It is warming, lubricant, expectorant, controls cough and laxative. The kernel is considered anti-tussive, expectorant, , anthelmintic, antispasmodic, demulcent, pectoral and vulnerary and are used for common cold, coughs, bronchial asthma, rheumatism, tumors and constipation in the elderly. 

Flowers of bitter almond are considered tonic and used to promote female fertility.
Seeds have been used as a pain killer. A beverage (hsieng-jen t'ang) is made by crushing the seeds in boiling water and has been used for asthma, catarrh, cough and also injected into acupuncture loci for aquapuncture therapy for chronic bronchitis. It is also used internally for dry coughs, bronchitis, asthma, emphysema and dry constipation. 

The dried ripe kernal has been used medicinally in Chinese medicine. It is considered tonic and purgative. It is used to control spasms and to expel phlegm from respiratory passages.

Cosmetic uses:
Almond oil is used in cosmetics for its softening action on the skin. It is also used in the manufacture of soaps, cold creams and products of the perfumery trade. Bitter almond is not considered for food additives for the presence of prussic acid as it may be poisonous.

Myrrh oil, Myrrh Gel

Myrrh oil, Myrrh Gel
Myrrh Gel

Black Pepper ( Piper Nigrum) Oils

Origin of Pepper, Black oil:
The plant originated from India, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Madagascar and the oil is mostly made in India.

Description of Pepper, Black:
Its a climbing perennial plant which will climb 20 or more feet but for commercial purposes it is restricted to 12 feet. The plant is rooting at the nodes and stem glabrous. Berry globular, when wipe turning black after dying. It is a strong and sharp spicy smelling oil and bitter to taste. Oil is a pale yellow irritating liquid with a sharp peppery odor and is obtained by steam distillation of the unripe dried fruit (peppercorns) of the plant Piper nigrum (black pepper). Oil is commonly used in food, healing oils and aromatherapy.

Appearance :Viscous liquid 

Aroma: Crisp, Fresh, Peppercorn aroma

Color : Yellowish brown

Chemical constituents: 
Black pepper oil has various chemical compounds that include Limonene, Pinene, Myrcene, Phellandrene, Beta-caryophyllene, Beta-bisabolene, Sabinene, Linalol, Pinocarveol, Alpha, Terpineol, Camphene and Terpenene.

Extraction It is extracted by steam distillation.

Pepper oil Therapeutic Effects:
The therapeutic properties of black pepper oil include analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, , diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient and tonic (especially of the spleen). It helps in eradicating problems like Aching muscles, arthritis, chilblains, constipation, muscle cramps, poor circulation, sluggish digestion. Black pepper oil can be used to help in the treatment of pain relief, rheumatism, chills, flu, colds, increase circulation, exhaustion, nerve tonic, fevers muscular aches, physical and emotional coldness. It furthermore increases the flow of saliva, stimulates appetite, encourages peristalsis, tones the colon muscles and is a general digestive tonic. Black pepper essential oil can be used in a chest rub to help relieve congestion and flu symptoms. It can be used in relaxing bath. Vegetable oil is added for truly moisturizing experiencing. It is also act as an relaxing body massage oil.

Aromatherapy : 
Stimulating for the mind, aiding concentration and strengthening the nerves.Helpful for coldness, indifference and apathy.

Effects on the body: A warming oil, excellent for poor circulation, anemia and after heavy bleeding, invaluable for muscular aches and pains of all descriptions, restores tone to the skeletal muscles and generally dispels toxins.

Flavor applications :
It is mainly used as gourmet in food additives. Pepper is mainly marinate with salt and vinegar and as a preservative.Ingredients - Southwest-Style Chicken Egg Rolls, filling, corn, onions, black beans (black beans, water), fully cooked seasoned chicken breast with rib meat (Chicken breast with rib meat, water, salt, sugar, sodium acid pyrophosphate, rosemary), monterey jack cheese (cultured pasteurized milk, salt, enzymes), tomatoes, cabbage, whey Powder, seasoning blend (salt, monosodium glutamate, food starch modified, onion powder, garlic powder, dextrose, hydrolyzed corn protein, dehydrated parsley, spice, extractive of turmeric), precooked long grain rice, cottonseed oil, modified food starch, cilantro, sugar, key lime juice concentrate and garlic.

Cosmetics and toiletries:
It is an wonderful addition to men fragrances. It is an excellent anti-oxidant agent. It is used as an fixative and as well as binding agent in resin industry. 

Black pepper is used in blending other essential oils. Used alogwith other essential oils in perfumery. Also used as an important ingredient in pharmaceutical and naturopathy products.

Cardamom Oil (Gaultheria Procumbens)

Origin of Cardamom essential oil:
Cardamom grows wild and is cultivated in India and Ceylon. Cardamom was well known in ancient times and the Egyptians used it in perfumes and incense and chewed it to whiten their teeth, while the Romans used it for their stomachs when they over-indulged. The Arabs ground it to use their coffee and it is an important ingredient in Asian cooking. Valerius first distilled the essential oil in 1544 after the Portuguese discovered the East.

Description of Cardamom essential:
Cardamom is one of the most significant, valuable spices in the world. It consists of the small, highly aromatic pods or seed capsules of a perennial plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It grows up to 4 meters (13 feet) high and has long, green silky blades, small yellowy flowers with a violet tip and a large fleshy rhizome, similar to ginger. Oblong gray fruits follow the flowers, each containing many seeds. Cardamom is a perennial reedlike herb native to Asia and southern India that grows up to 13 feet tall. A relative of ginger, the fruits contain small reddish-brown seeds from which the essential oils is extracted. Long used in Asia as a culinary herb and oftern used in Eastern aphrodisiacs, although it is not certain whether it has any physiological effect in this area.

Appearance : Liquid 

Aroma : Sweet, hot-spicy, very powerful note. Smells just like the spice commonly used in cooking, a bit exotic, yet soft and fruity

Color : Clear to pale yellow

Chemical constituents: Cardamom oil has various chemical compounds that include pinene, pinene, sabinene, myrcene, phellandrene, limonene, cineole,terpinene, cymene, terpinolene, linalool, linalyl acetate, terpinen-4-oil, terpineol, terpineol acetate, citronellol, nerol, methyl eugenol and trans-nerolidol.

Cedarwood Oil ( Santalum Album)

Origin of Cedarwood essential oil:
The tree is native to the mountains of western Himalayas and ages up to 1,000 years. This is the tree Solomon used to build the Temple in Jerusalem.

Description of Cedarwood:
The trees grows upto 30 m, single-stemmed, crown narrowly erect to conical, round or flattened. Bark is brown, exfoliating in thin strips, that of small branchlets (5-10 mm diam.). Branches pendulous to ascending and branchlets generally erect. It is tall with spicy-resinous scented wood thick ridged or square-cracked bark and broad, level branches. The shoots are dimorphic, with long shoots, which form the framework of the branches, and short shoots, which carry most of the leaves. The leaves are evergreen and needle-like, 8-60 mm long, arranged singly in an open spiral long shoots. 

Appearance : Viscous transparent liquid

Aroma : Woody, Sweet, Slight aroma reminiscent of artificial mothballs 

Color : Light golden yellow

Chemical constituents: Cedarwood oil has various chemical compounds that include atlantone, caryophyllene, cedrol, cadinene, a-cedrene, b-cedrene, thujopsene, other sesquiterpenes and widdrol.

Extraction: It is extracted by the steam distillation of the wood.

Aromatherapy uses: 
The aromatherapy properties of cedarwood oil are antiseborrhoeic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, fungicide insecticide, and tonic. It has a calming and soothing effect on the mind and is of great help in conditions associated with anxiety and nervous tension. 
Pharmaceutical uses:
Cedarwood oil benefits the skin by its sedating ability which relieves itching. Its astringent action is great for acne, oily skin as well as for hair and dandruff. It helps with chest and urinary infections acts as a general tonic and has a pronounced effect on mucus membranes. It is also useful in cases of arthritis and rheumatism.

Cosmetics and Toiletries:
This high grade fragrance oil is excellent to scent candles, freshen potpourri, in soap making, massage oils and bath oil. It is also used as a perfume body oil also. It adds a warm quality to fragrances. It combines well with vetiver and sandalwood oils. It is also good for dry hair because it increases the ability of the skin and scalp to hold in water. Cedarwood is excellent repellent used for mothproofing and other insects.

Orange Oil ( Citrus Sinensis)

Origin of Orange essential oil:
The orange tree was brought to the Mediterranean from Asia by the Saracens during the Crusades. It now grows in Sicily, Israel, Spain and the United States. This evergreen tree has orange round fruit with roughish skin Orange oil is used in many Curacao type liqueurs and for the flavoring of food, drink and confectionery and when added to furniture polish, helps to protect against damage from insects.

Description of Orange:
A small tree upto 12m tall with large spines. Leaves with narrow winged-petioles with blade ovate, bluntly toothed. Flowers axillary in a small bunch, white and fragrant. Blood oranges have dark red pulp and juice of excellent flavor. It is distilled from the whole fruit and this oil epitomizes a comfortable, relaxed state of mind and increases positive occurrences. It has a lively, fruity, sweet aroma. It is used to scent fruity and cologne fragrances.

Appearance : Thin liquid

Aroma : Sweet, Citrusy, Reminiscent of the freshly peeled fruit 

Color : Orange

Chemical constituents: Orange oil has various chemical compounds that include pinene, sabinene, myrcene, limonene, linalool, citronellal, neral, geranial, decylic aldehyde, Terpineol and carotin.

Extraction: It is extracted by the cold expression of the peel.

Aromatherapy uses:
The therapeutic properties of orange oil are antiseptic, anti-depressant, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, diuretic, cholagogue, and tonic. It is refreshing but , orange is a tonic for anxiety and depression.It also stimulates the digestive system and is effective for constipation. Its antiseptic properties work well for mouth ulcers

Orange Oil (Citrus Sinensis)

Origin of Orange essential oil:
The orange tree was brought to the Mediterranean from Asia by the Saracens during the Crusades. It now grows in Sicily, Israel, Spain and the United States. This evergreen tree has orange round fruit with roughish skin Orange oil is used in many Curacao type liqueurs and for the flavoring of food, drink and confectionery and when added to furniture polish, helps to protect against damage from insects.

Description of Orange:
A small tree upto 12m tall with large spines. Leaves with narrow winged-petioles with blade ovate, bluntly toothed. Flowers axillary in a small bunch, white and fragrant. Blood oranges have dark red pulp and juice of excellent flavor. It is distilled from the whole fruit and this oil epitomizes a comfortable, relaxed state of mind and increases positive occurrences. It has a lively, fruity, sweet aroma. It is used to scent fruity and cologne fragrances.

Appearance : Thin liquid

Aroma : Sweet, Citrusy, Reminiscent of the freshly peeled fruit 

Color : Orange

Chemical constituents: Orange oil has various chemical compounds that include pinene, sabinene, myrcene, limonene, linalool, citronellal, neral, geranial, decylic aldehyde, Terpineol and carotin.

Extraction: It is extracted by the cold expression of the peel.

Aromatherapy uses:
The therapeutic properties of orange oil are antiseptic, anti-depressant, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, diuretic, cholagogue, and tonic. It is refreshing but , orange is a tonic for anxiety and depression.It also

Cinnamon Leaf Oil ( Cinnamomum Zeylanicum)

Origin of cinnamon oil:
A native to Indonesia but cultivated in Sri Lanka and India. The Greek word 'Kinnamon' means 'tube' or 'pipe'. Cinnamon oil was used as a temple incense, while the Egyptians used it for foot massage as well as a remedy for excessive bile. It was also used as an ingredient for mulled , love potions and as a during birth. It is derived from the Island's former name Ceylon.

Description of cinnamon:
The tree grows up to thirty feet tall with leaves that can be four to seven inches long. The flowers are inconspicuous and the panicles of the yellowish flowers are usually longer than the leaves. The leaves as well as bark are the plant parts from which cinnamon oil is extracted. Its oil has demonstrated strong antibacterial and antifungal activities. Cinnamon Oil is known for it's peppery, earthy oil that is bright, yet slightly woody scent.

Appearance: Liquid

Aroma : Sweet-spicy, Herbaceous, Peppery, Somewhat resembling clove & cinnamon, Slightly woody, Powerful exotic and warm.

Color Yellow to brown.

Chemical constituents: Cinnamon oil has various chemical compounds that include eugenol, eugenol acetate, cinnamic aldehyde and benzoate.

ExtractionIt is extracted by steam distillation of leaves.

Cinnamon oil Therapeutic Effects:
It posses therapeutic properties which includes anthelmintic, antidiarrheal, antidote, antimicrobal, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiputrescent, , astingent, carminative, digestive, emmenagogue, hemostatic, orexigenic, parasticide, refrigerant, spasmolytic, stimulant, stomachic and vermifuge.Cinnamon leaf oil has been used for thousands of years for a variety of complaints including colds, flu, digestive and menstrual problems, rheumatism, kidney troubles, and as a general stimulant.

Aromatherapy uses: 
A unique selection of aromatherapy products including aromatherapy oils, amber resins, sandal - amber paste, amber resin with box, perfume oils bottles, diffuser pendants, car and room scenters, light bulb rings, soapstone aromatherapy oil diffusers.

Cosmetics and toiletries :
Oils are also used in soap making ingredients, lotions, massage oils, diffusers, potpourri, scent, air fresheners, body fragrance, perfume oils, aromatherapy products, bath oils, towel scenting, spa's, incense, light rings, laundry, facial steams and hair treatments.

Cinnamon Oil Kills Mosquitoes.
Cinnamon oil shows promise as a great-smelling, environmentally friendly pesticide, with the ability to kill mosquito larvae . 

Candles and incence : 
Uses of smudge sticks : In European and native American countries smudge incense sticks are used for purifying the atmosphere, dispersing negativity, protection. Smudges put out a lot of soothing smoke. Very refreshing, relaxing, clearing --- like traveling through the clouds potent and purifying. To burn a smudge stick -just light the tip, blow it out and either wave in air or place in a glass or metal container (one that will not burn) with sand or salt placed therein to hold the smudge upright. 

Flavorings 
Cinnamaldehyde is the main constituent in cinnamon leaf oil and is used worldwide as a food additive and flavoring agent. A formulation using the compound could be sprayed just like a pesticide, but without the potential for adverse health effects plus the added bonus of a pleasant smell.It is mostly used as condiments in candies, souffles and also in the process of food preservation.

Palmrosa oil

Palmrosa oil

Avocado oil (Prunus Armeniaca)

Origin of Avocado essential oil:
It is native to Central America and Mexico. It is widely cultivated for in tropical and sub-tropical areas, including Israel, Spain and south Africa.

Description of Avocado essential oil:
The tree grows to 20 m (65 ft), with alternately arranged, evergreen leaves, 12-25 cm long. The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow 5-10 mm wide. The pear-shaped fruit is botanically a berry.The oil is used in cosmetics, and to some extent in salad dressings. It is a rich heavy oil, that is deeply penetrating and rich in vitamins A and D, lecithin, potassium as well as vitamin E. Avocado oil is a penetrating oil that is easily absorbed and suitable for all skin types. It is an effective skin moisturizer thanks to its regenerating and structuring abilities. It is often part of wrinkle fighting creams and dry skin products composition. 

Appearance : Thick liquid

Color : Light gold/yellow

Chemical constituents: Avocado oil has various chemical compounds that include flavoids, tannins,Pantothenic acid, lecithin, fatty acids which include Palmitic, Palmitoleic, Stearic, Oleic, Linoleic.

Extraction: It is extracted by cold expression of the seed.

Aromatherapy uses:
The aromatherapy properties include regenerative, astringent, carminative, very penetrating and a superb emollient. 

Pharmaceutical uses:
Avocado oil is a penetrating oil that is easily absorbed and suitable for all skin types. It is an effective skin moisturizer due to its regenerating and structuring abilities. It offers nourishing for dry and dehydrated skin, eczema, solar keratosis and improves elasticity. Avocado oil's moisturizing and skin softening properties make it a valuable addition to anti-wrinkle, anti-aging and mature skin blends. It is very useful when treating sun or climate damaged skin that is dehydrated and undernourished as it is said to help with regenerating the skin and softening the tissue.

Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Avocado helps in rubbing hair. It is also believed to be an effective stimulant and is used to make ointments aimed at delaying old age. Avocado oil is especially beneficial in preparations for very dry skin. It is rich in unsaponifiables, avocado oil has outstanding regenerative properties. Like most vegetables oils, due to its content in essential fatty acids, avocado oil offers a restructuring quality, which keeps the skin moisturized. It is also a good hair growth stimulant. Avocado oil is used in many cosmetics and beauty preparations including products for damaged hair (permed or dyed), baby hair, body and hand products (massage oils and creams, sun care products), face care products, eye creams, nourishing creams for damaged, mature, dry and sensitive skin and for baby's skin.

Flavorings 
In North America, avocados are primarily served as salad vegetables, merely halved and garnished with seasonings, lime juice, lemon juice, vinegar, mayonnaise or other dressings. Often the halves are stuffed with shrimp, crab or other seafood. Avocado flesh may be sliced or diced and combined with tomatoes, cocumbers or other vegetables and served as a salad. The seasoned flesh is sometimes used as a sandwich filling. Avocado, cream cheese and pineapple juice may be blended as a creamy dressing for fruit salads. Diced avocado can be added to lemon-flavored gelatin after cooling and before it is set, and chunks of avocado may be added to hot foods such as soup, stew, chili or omelettes just before serving. In Guatemalan restaurants, a ripe avocado is placed on the table when a hot dish is served and the diner scoops out the flesh and adds it just before eating. For a ";gourmet"; breakfast, avocado halves are warmed in an oven at low heat, 

Chamomile Oil ( Daucus Carota)

Origin of Chamomile essential oil:
Chamomile oil is native to England. It is now cultivated in Germany, France and Morocco.

Description of Chamomile:
Camomile is a small perennial herb with a hairy stem and feathery pinnate leaves, daisy like white flowers (larger than those of German camomile) and grows about 25 cm high.

Appearance : Light blue mobile liquid

Aroma : Sweet and apple-like in fragrance

Color : Light clear blue

Chemical constituents: : Chamomile oil has various chemical compounds that include Angelic, Azulene, Methacrylic, Butyric and Tiglic Acids. 

ExtractionIt is extracted by cold expression of flowers.

Aromatherapy uses: 
The therapeutic properties of Chamomile Roman include: analgesic, anti-spasmodic, antiseptic, , anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, anti-depressant, anti-neuralgic, carminative, vulnerary, , nervine, digestive, tonic and digestive.

Pharmaceutical uses: 
Roman Chamomile oil can be used for pain reliever, muscle aches, rheumatism, headaches, migraine, neuralgia, toothache and earache, skin problems, eczema, rashes, wounds, dermatitis, dry itchy skin and allergic conditions in general. It relaxes and soothes the nerves, digestive system and gynecological conditions. For babies, diluted soothes an irritated and teething baby and helps for colic, diarrhoea and gastric spasms.

Citronella Oil ( Cymbopogon Winterianus)

Origin of Citronella essential oil: 
It is extracted from a hardy grass, found in eastern parts of India and nortern Himalayan range. 

Description of Citronella :
Tall tufted perennial with narrow leaf-blades, panicle narrow, 15-30 cm long with racemes 8-10 mm long, often rather villous, sessile spikelets flat or concave on the back with winged keels, awn 5-6 cm long. Leaves are used in dried form in distillation as distillation prevent fermentation. Dried leaves can charge more easily and requires less steam and fuel. Distillation starts rapidly and the average yield of oil is about 0.7%.

Appearance : Transparent liquid

Aroma : Lemony, Grassy, Floral

Mixes well with : Basil, bergamot, cedar wood, eucalyptus, geranium, lavender, lemon, lime, oregano, penny royal, pine, rosemary, orange, and tea tree. 

Extraction method: Steam distillation of fresh or dried grass.

Color: Pale yellow-brown

Chemical constituents: Citronella oil has various chemical compounds that include acetylizable alcohols () and aldehydes (citronellal), citronellic acid, borneol, citronellol, , nerol, citral, citronellal, camphene, dipentene and limonene.

Aromatherapy : 
Citronella is usually overlooked as an aromatherapy oil. Citronella possesses warming and activating qualities on biological levels. The essential oil of Citronella has an uplifting effect on mood. It has a softening effect on the skin and also helps to combat excessive perspiration - making it extremely useful for use on feet. It has antiseptic, bactericidal, deodorant and insecticide properties. 

Antiseptic & disinfectant :
Citronella grass are used for the production of citronella oil which is used in soaps, as a mosquito repellent in insect sprays , candles and also in aromatherapy, which is famous in Britain, Indonesia. Besides oil production, citronella grass is also used for culinary use, such as in tea.The oil is used externally as an insect repellant. This oil is used for relieving headaches, migraines and rheumatism. It can be used as an antiseptic and to sanitize kitchen counters and chopping blocks. When it is diffused in a room, the scent repels insects and bugs. Its antiseptic qualities are good for fighting colds and flu.

Citronella grass are used for the production of citronella oil which is used in soaps, as a mosquito repellent in insect sprays , candles and also in aromatherapy, which is famous in Britain, Indonesia. Besides oil production, citronella grass is also used for culinary use, such as in tea.

Candle making : 
It is mostly used in the fragrance industry as turning candle making like Parfum Magnifique, Spa Luxury, Fragrance Oils and Yummy Fragrance and feng shui candle, natural wax candles, unity candle arrangements, roman candles and environmentally friendly candles. The scent is also safe for use in soaps and lotions. 

Citronella is used in soap and candle making and is useful in aromatherapy benefits. An example would be to add citronella essential oil to rose or lemon fragrance oil that give added anais type of fragrance oil. It is also used in candle making, scented soaps, potpourri, room spray, refresher oil fragrance oil, scented envelope candles and cubes votive candle.

Cosmetics : 
Citronella oil is used in many cosmetic preparation like 

Hair care : Shampoos, conditioners, hair and scalp treatment.

Bath & shower : salts, salt glow, shower gels (spa line). 

Skin care : Facial gels, floral hydrosal water, foot & leg lotion, hand and body lotions.

Clary Sage Oil ( Salvia Sclarea)

Origin of Clary sage essential oil:
It is a native to southern Europe and is cultivated for oil production in France and Russia. The name is derived from the Latin 'Claris' that means 'clear' or from the Greek 'Skeria' meaning 'hardness', referring to the hard parts of the flower petals. It was known in the Middle Ages as 'Oculus Christi' - the 'Eye of Christ' and was a highly esteemed medicine.

Description of oil:
Clary Sage is a stout biennial herb that grows up to 1 meter (3 feet) tall with large, hairy leaves and small blue/ white flowers growing directly off the long, thin stem. Small blue flower grow out form large bracts, pinkish in color. It is a perennial that grows fairly low to the ground with large oval fuzzy looking leaves.

Appearance : Viscous liquid 

Aroma : Bright, Earthy, Herbaceous, with a subtle fruity note.

Color : Light golden yellow

Chemical constituents: Clary sage oil has various chemical compounds that include Linalol, Sclareol, Myrcene, Phellandrene and Pinene.

Extraction: It is extracted by steam distillation of flowering tops.

Aromatherapy uses:
It is useful in the conditions like asthma, depression, digestive problems, exhaustion, muscle cramps spasms and respiratory problems. It is anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic and .The essential oil is also used for depression, nervousness, sore throat, minor aches and pains.

Pharmaceutical uses:
Clary Sage essential oil soothes, relaxes and warms. It is a generally uplifting essential oil when used in moderation. It contains a hormone-like compound similar to estrogen that regulates hormonal balance resulting in it use for moderating PMS symptoms. It is used in massaging on muscles and on abdomen before and during menstruation. Induces feeling of well-being. Enhances dream state and has sensual properties. It is helpful in asthma, depression, digestive problems, exhaustion, muscle cramps and respiratory problems. 

Cosmetics and Toiletries: 
Clary Sage is calming, relaxing oil, which can assist in a restful night's sleep. It is also used as Burners and vaporizers In vapor therapy, clary sage oil can be used for nervous tension, stress, depression, anxiety, insomnia and menopause. It is particularly effective to help ease depression and create a more positive outlook on life and can also help to boost the creative side and intuition. 

Blended massage oil or in the bath Clary sage can be used in blended massage oil, or diluted in the bath to assist with muscle pains, frigidity, depression, anxiety, menstrual problems, PMS, stress, nervous tension, insomnia, cramps and addiction.

In a cream or lotion 
It can be used in a cream or lotion, clary sage oil can be beneficial for skin problems, back pain and a stiff neck, as well as for body odors, PMS, skin problems and cramps. It is particularly good for balancing the production of sebum of the skin and to clear greasy complexions. 

The aroma is described as a sweet spicy scent that blends well with other scents giving it a wide variety of uses in the perfume industry.

Citriodora Oil

Origin of Citriodora oil:
It is native to Australia and Tasmania bearing pendent leaves and umbels of white, red or pink flowers and valued for the timber, gum and oil. Some seeds were sent to France in 1857 and planted in Algiers and thrived exceedingly well. Five years after planting the Eucalyptus, one of the most marshy and unhealthy districts of Algiers was converted into one of the healthiest and driest. As a result the rapidly growing Eucalyptus trees are now largely cultivated in many temperate regions with the view of preventing malarial fevers.

Description of Citriodora oil: 
A tall, aromatic evergreen tree of the myrtaceae family. An essential oil obtained from the leaves is antibacterial. The essential oil found in the leaves is a powerful antiseptic and is used all over the world for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections. The essential oil is a common ingredient in many over-the-counter cold remedies. This eucalyptus oil has its strong lemony scent and has been used to open the respiratory track and may be useful for alleviating symptoms of bronchitis, colds, flu, sinus problems and throat infections.

Appearance: Liquid

Aroma : Fresh, Cooling, Camphoraceous, with woody undertones.

Color Vintage oils turn slightly yellow

Chemical constituents: Citriodora oil has various chemical compounds that include eucalyptol, piene, limonene, linalool and alpha-terpenol.

Extraction: It is extracted by steam distillation of leaves

Citriodora oil Therapeutic Effects:
The essential oil is a powerful antiseptic and is used all over the world for relieving coughs and colds, sore throats and other infections. The therapeutic properties of lemon verbena oil are antiseptic, antispasmodic, , digestive, emollient, febrifuge, hepatic, insecticide, sedative, stomachic and tonic. Essential oils can have a deleterious effect on the body in larger doses. It has a decidedly disinfectant action, destroying the lower forms of life. The oil can be used externally applied to cuts, skin infections etc. It can also be inhaled for treating blocked nasal passages. 

Aromatherapy uses: 
A unique selection of aromatherapy products including aromatherapy oils, amber resins, sandal - amber paste, amber resin with box, perfume oils bottles, diffuser pendants, car and room scenters, light bulb rings, soapstone aromatherapy oil diffusers.

Perfumery and aromatherapy :
Citriodora is a lemon scented essential oil especially used in perfumery and fragrance creation. Leaves yield 0.5% to 2.0% essential oil which is rich in citronellal, citronellol and isopulegol. Leaves are also used as insect-repellents. The leaves of the lemon eucalyptus tree are used traditionally for perfuming linen and cupboards. It is also quite useful for keeping cockroaches and silverfish at bay. An added bonus is the great deodorizing properties of the eucalyptus oil, being excellent for smelly shoes, cooking smells and pets.Bath, compress, inhalation, aromatherapy diffuser, local wash, massage and as a perfume in cupboards.
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