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Jasmine Oil

Madder, Indian Madder (Rubia Cordifolia)

Madder, Indian Madder (Rubia Cordifolia)
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Madder Roots

Description
A very variable prickly or scabrous climbing perennial herb with long cylindric, flexuose, smooth reddish , roots and 4-angled rough stems and branches, leaves very variable 2-8 in a whorl often only 4. Cordate-ovate-lanceolate, 5-7, ribbed, scabrous above, base rounded or slightly cordate, petioles very long, provided with sharp recurved prickles on the edges, stiplues absent, flowers white, greenish yellowish or reddish, sweet-scented, small in terminal panicled glabrous cymes, fruits globose or slightly 2-lobed fleshy, smooth, purplish black when ripe, seeds two ,small.

Chemical Constituents
Coloring metter in the roots is a mixture of purpurin and munjistin. Roots also contain small amounts of xnthopurpurin and pseudopurpin, Muistin, alizarin and its glucoside in plant.

Cosmetic Uses
Turmeric is natures internal cosmetic. It is an excellent natural antibiotic which strengthens digestion and helps improve intestinal flora. Turmeric purifies the blood, stimulates the formation of new blood tissue, promotes proper metabolism by correcting both excesses and deficiencies. Turmeric helps counteract, pimples, acne, boils, skin diseases, pale skin, anemia. It is an inexpensive and indigeneous beauty aid. Considerable quantities of turmeric are converted as 'kumkum' used for tilak by Indians. Smearing with turmeric paste cleans skin and beautifies it. Its antiseptic and healing properties prevent and cure pimples. Turmeric is the major ingredient in curries and curry powders, contributing flavour as well as the characteristic yellow colour. It is also used in chutneys and pickles. In South East Asia, the fresh spice is much preferred to the dried. Turmeric has been used to add color in foods and cosmetics. It has a refreshing peppery taste and scent and goes well in salad dressings, adding a beautiful, yellow color.

Turmeric Extract has been used traditionally improve skin complexion, promote proper metabolism, increase energy, eliminate diseases caused from weakness of blood.

Natural Cosmetic Patchouli Oil

Natural Cosmetic Patchouli Oil
Natural Cosmetic
Part used

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Patchouli Oil, Patchouli Seeds

Description
A fragrant perennial herb, 30-100cm high. Stem erect and thick, the upper parts branched and covered densely with dull -yellow tomenia. The lower parts, terete, ligneous. Leaves opposite, petiole 2-5cm long, also with tomenta. Blade broadly ovate or oavte, 5-10cm long by 2.5-7cm wide tip sub-acute, base cuneate oar lightly coradate. Margin obtusely dentate or incised, both surfaces covered with dense hairs and oil glands, Summer. Flower small in terminal or axillary spikes,. Calyx tubular, 6mm long5-lobbed. Corolla bilabiate, 8mm long, light reddish-purple. Stamens 4, extending from the corollatube, Nutlets smooth.

Habitat
Mostly cultivated in warm and moist regions in China, India, Malaysia and Philippines.

Chemical Constituents
Patchoulol.

Cosmetic Uses
The uses to which patchouli oil is put to include cosmetics, perfumes of all kinds, toiletries (with soaps being a major consumer of this oil), breath refreshners especially in the East (40 metric tons of patchouli are used by India's pan and chewing industry), incense, etc.


The oil is used in the East generally to scent linen and cloths, and it is believed to help prevent the spread of disease. In China, Japan and Malaysia the herb is used to treat colds, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and halitosis. Its use sometimes is said to cause loss of appetite and sleep and nervous attacks. The Chinese, Japanese and Arabs believe it to possess prophylactic properties. Extensively used in cosmetic preparations, and as a fixative in soaps, and perfumes. Extensively used in the food industry, in alcoholic and soft drinks.

When used in Massage and Bath Oil Blends, Patchouli reduces anxiety and depression and produces a warming and sensual feeling. Patchouli is an ingredients.

Turmeric, Turmeric Rhizomes, Long Turmeric

Turmeric, Turmeric Rhizomes, Long Turmeric
Turmeric, Turmeric Rhizomes, Long Turmeric (Curcuma Domestic, Curcuma Longa)

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Polished Turmeric Rhizomes, Unpolished Turmeric Rhizomes.

Description
Tufty perennial herb about 1m high. Rhizome thick much-branched, golden-yellow, leaves large, entire, long-sheathed, glabrous on both sides. Inflorescence cylindrical , arising from the leaves, on a scape of yellow flowers and greenish or whitish bracts with pink tips.

Chemical Constituents
The rhizomes contain the pigment curcumin, and essential oil consisting of sesquiterpenes, zingiberene, D-a-phellandrene, tumerone, dehydroturmerone, y and a-alanto lactone curcumene, cineol.

Uses
The rhizome is well known for its anti-gastric-ulcer, and -inflammatory and cholagogic properties. It is prescribed in the therapy of gastric and duodenal ulcer, hepatitis, jaundice, menstrual disorders, post-partum or menstrual haematometra, contusions, rheumatism, pain in the extremities, boils and impetigo. It is also used as a pultice for wounds to avoid their cicatrization.

Natural Cosmetic

Natural Cosmetic
Natural Cosmetic

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Tea Tree Oil, Tea Tree Leaves

Description
An evergreen reaching 7 m, with laters of papery bark, pointed leaves and white flower spikes.

Chemical constituents
Volatile oil, terpinen-4-ol-40%, gamma-terpinene 24%, alphaterpinene 10%, cineol 5%

Medicinal Uses
Antisceptic, Anti bacterial, Anti fungal, Immune stimulant.

Cosmetic uses
The compounds in tea tree oil benefit the skin and are non-irritating. The oil contains several important compounds, including terpines, cymones, pinines, terpineols, cineol, sesquiterpenes, and sesquiterpene alcohols. Tea tree oil is nice to have on hand for its proven abilities. It's recommended for external use only in poultices and other skin cleansing applications.

Those properties make it a popular ingredient in shampoos, creams, skin cleansers, and other external cosmetic applications. Also widely used in Facial Treatments, Hair Care, Nail Care, Oral Hygiene, Personal Hygiene, Shaving, Skin Care. Use after waxing or ear piercing to sanitise and anaesthetize. Excellent Natural Preservative.

Tea Tree Oil has a long history of use as an herbal medicine. In recent years, biochemists and aromatherapists defined the therapeutic nature of tea tree essential oil, and as a result, tea tree has become widely popular as an alternative remedy.

The key to Tea Tree Oil's medicinal effectiveness is two chemical constituents found in the oil -- cineole and terpinen. Although both are bactericidal and germicidal, cineole can be a powerful skin irritant. Therefore, tea tree oils with low cineole and high terpinen contents are preferred. Because the terpinen found in tea tree oil is so mild, it can soothe cuts, scratches, sunburn and cold sores. Since it is non-irritating, you can apply a single drop of the oil directly to minor injuries once or twice a day. Some of the most effective aromatherapy uses for tea tree oil are cosmetic in natural.

Toothache Tree Seeds

Toothache Tree Seeds
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Toothache Tree Seeds

Description
An armed shrub or a small tree, upto 6 m in height with dense glabrous foliage and straight pickles on stmes, blaze yellowish brown rapidly darkening on exposure; leaves compound, imparipinnate, rachis winged, often bearing pink prickles, leaflets 5-11, lanceolate, more or less serrate, each serrature with a pellucid gland, glabous, dark glossy green above, pale beneath, the terminal larger than the laterals; flowers yellow or gree in dense terminal or axillary panicles, polygamous: fruits reddish subglobose glabrous follicles; seeds solitary, globose, shining, black.

Chemical Constituents
It contains Pipevine, linalool, linalyl acetate, citral, cinnamatic, limonene, sabinene.

Cosmetic Uses
Toothache tree was used in frontier times and by native Americans as a remedy for toothache, and also externally for joint pain. As many of you experienced in class, a little piece of bark contains enough of the secondary compound to produce a tingling sensation followed by numbness in the lips or gums. The leaves work as well as the bark. In fact, if you hold the leaves up to the light, you can see the small glands that produce the secondary compounds scattered around in the leaf tissue. Obviously a compound that causes numbness in vertebrate tissues would be an effective deterrent to herbivores, because it would cause numbness and loss of function in the digestive tract of any animal that ate the plant's leaves or other tissues.

Most if not all members of this family produce "secondary compounds", which are metabolic products that are not part of the primary metabolic pathways of the plant (e.g. are not involved in photosynthesis or respiration, nor are structural parts of the plant). The fruit, branches and thorns are used as a remedy for toothache. The roots, stem bark and wood yield the alkaloid magnoflorine.

Several Zanthoxylum species grow throughout the temperate belt of China, Japan, the Himalayas and North America. They all have similarities, being aromatic and used in herbal remedies. Only the pipertium variety of the East is useful for cooking. In Japan the wood of the prickly ash is used to make mortars and pestles which impart some flavour to the substances being ground. The Japanese also use the wood for tobacco pipes. Szechwan pepper is still fairly uncommon in the West, so it may be helpful when looking for it to be familiar with some of the other common names and spellings for it: Sichuan pepper, Szechwan pepper and fagara to name a few - see below for others.

Spearmint, Mentha Spicata, Garden Mint, Lamb Mint

Spearmint, Mentha Spicata, Garden Mint, Lamb Mint
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Mint Oil, Spearmint Oil, Mentha Leaves, Mentha Oil, Mentha Spicata, Mint Crystal

Description
A glabrous perennial, 30-90cm high, with creeping rhizomes, leaves smooth or nearly so, sessile, lanceolate to ovate, acute, coarsely, dentate, smooth above, glandular below, flowers lilac, in loose, cylindrical slender, interrupted spikes.

Chemical Constituents
Major components in the spearming oil are carvone, dipentent, dihydrocarveol, dihydrocarveol acetate, and limonene.

Cosmetic Uses
Mint oil is commonly used for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic purposes. Mint is well known for its ability to ease indigestion and upset stomach. The menthol in mint can help clear sinuses and relieve cold symptoms. In some cases, mint is used to alleviate migraines and fever. It is best to consult a physician before self-treating any potential ailment or symptoms.

Mint is Aromatic, cosmetic, culinary, and medicinal. Fresh or dried leaves scent sachets and potpourris. Spearmint is used in baths to refresh and cool skin, in facials to cleanse the skin, and in lotions. Mint oil has wide uses in tooth paste, mouth wash, chewing gum, candy, hair oil, perfume and cosmetic products.

Mint oil can be found in a wide variety of common household products, ranging from tea to toothpaste. The oil is gathered via a distillation process whereby the mint leaves are steamed, allowing natural oils to surface. It can take hundreds of leaves to produce just a few teaspoons of mint oil, but just a couple drops can be extremely powerful. Mint oil is also frequently added to massage oil, lotions and shampoos.

Many renowned chefs include mint oil in their recipes to add flavor. It is also widely used in candy, cookies, jellies, and of course, chewing gum. The juices and drinks use freshly crushed mint leaves. Mint imparts a clean, refreshing taste, making it a popular ingredient in many types of foods. The home fragrance industry has capitalized on mint as well. Mint oil is often used in potpourri, sachets and room sprays. It is usually combined with other fragrant herbs such as lavender or bergamot and lends a revitalizing quality.

Aloe, Aloe Vera, Indian Aloe

Aloe, Aloe Vera, Indian Aloe
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Aloe Vera Leaf, Aloe Vera Gel, Aloe Vera Juice, Aloe Vera Spray Dried Powder : 100X & 200X

Description
A coarse perennial with short stem and shallow root system: leaves fleshy in rosettes, sessile, often crowded with homy pickles on the margins, convex below, 45-60cm long tapering to a blunt point, surface pale green with irregular white blotches, flowers yellow or orange in racemes; fruits loculicidal capsule.

Chemical Constituents
The leaves contain barbaloin, chrysophanol glocoside and the aglycone, aloe-emodin. The mucilage of the leaves contains glucose, galactose, mannose and galacturonic acid in addition to an unidentified aldopentose and a protein with 18 amino acids. The plant contains aloesone and aloesin.Chemical analysis has revealed that this clear gel contains amino acids, minerals, vitamins, enzymes, proteins, polysaccharides and biological stimulators.

Medicinal Uses
The Plant is bitter, sweet, cooling, anthelmintic, aperient, carminative, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, stomachic, emmenagogue, ophthalmic and alexeteric. The juice is used in dyspepsia, amenorrhoea, burns, colic, hyperadenosis, hepatopathy, splenopathy, skin diseases, constipation, spanomenorrhea, vitiated conditions of vata and pitta, abdominal tumours, dropsy, carbuncles, sciatica, lumbago and flatulence.

The also is used for helminthiasis in children and is a purgative, anthelmintic and emmenagogue. It is used for local application in painful inflammations, chronic ulcers and catarrhal and purulent ophthalmia.

Tea Tree Oil / Leaves

Tea Tree Oil / Leaves
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Tea Tree Oil, Tea Tree Leaves

Description
An evergreen reaching 7 m, with laters of papery bark, pointed leaves and white flower spikes.

Chemical constituents
Volatile oil, terpinen-4-ol-40%, gamma-terpinene 24%, alphaterpinene 10%, cineol 5%

Medicinal Uses
Antisceptic, Anti bacterial, Anti fungal, Immune stimulant.

Cosmetic uses
The compounds in tea tree oil benefit the skin and are non-irritating. The oil contains several important compounds, including terpines, cymones, pinines, terpineols, cineol, sesquiterpenes, and sesquiterpene alcohols. Tea tree oil is nice to have on hand for its proven abilities. It's recommended for external use only in poultices and other skin cleansing applications.

Those properties make it a popular ingredient in shampoos, creams, skin cleansers, and other external cosmetic applications. Also widely used in Facial Treatments, Hair Care, Nail Care, Oral Hygiene, Personal Hygiene, Shaving, Skin Care. Use after waxing or ear piercing to sanitise and anaesthetize. Excellent Natural Preservative.

Tea Tree Oil has a long history of use as an herbal medicine. In recent years, biochemists and aromatherapists defined the therapeutic nature of tea tree essential oil, and as a result, tea tree has become widely popular as an alternative remedy.

The key to Tea Tree Oil's medicinal effectiveness is two chemical constituents found in the oil -- cineole and terpinen. Although both are bactericidal and germicidal, cineole can be a powerful skin irritant. Therefore, tea tree oils with low cineole and high terpinen contents are preferred. Because the terpinen found in tea tree oil is so mild, it can soothe cuts, scratches, sunburn and cold sores. Since it is non-irritating, you can apply a single drop of the oil directly to minor injuries once or twice a day. Some of the most effective aromatherapy uses for tea tree oil are cosmetic in nature.

Aloe, Aloe Vera, Indian Aloe

Aloe, Aloe Vera, Indian Aloe
Parts Offered
We are wholesale suppliers and exporters of :-
Aloe Vera Leaf, Aloe Vera Gel, Aloe Vera Juice, Aloe Vera Spray Dried Powder : 100X & 200X.



Description
A coarse perennial with short stem and shallow root system: leaves fleshy in rosettes, sessile, often crowded with homy pickles on the margins, convex below, 45-60cm long tapering to a blunt point, surface pale green with irregular white blotches, flowers yellow or orange in racemes; fruits loculicidal capsule.

Chemical Constituents
The leaves contain barbaloin, chrysophanol glocoside and the aglycone, aloe-emodin. The mucilage of the leaves contains glucose, galactose, mannose and galacturonic acid in addition to an unidentified aldopentose and a protein with 18 amino acids. The plant contains aloesone and aloesin.Chemical analysis has revealed that this clear gel contains amino acids, minerals, vitamins, enzymes, proteins, polysaccharides and biological stimulators.

Medicinal Uses
The Plant is bitter, sweet, cooling, anthelmintic, aperient, carminative, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, stomachic, emmenagogue, ophthalmic and alexeteric. The juice is used in dyspepsia, amenorrhoea, burns, colic, hyperadenosis, hepatopathy, splenopathy, skin diseases, constipation, spanomenorrhea, vitiated conditions of vata and pitta, abdominal tumours, dropsy, carbuncles, sciatica, lumbago and flatulence.

The also is used for helminthiasis in children and is a purgative, anthelmintic and emmenagogue. It is used for local application in painful inflammations, chronic ulcers and catarrhal and purulent ophthalmia.

Clove Bud Oil (Eugenia Caryophyllus)

Clove Bud Oil (Eugenia Caryophyllus)
Origin of Clove bud essential oil:
A native of Indonesia and the Malacca Islands. The Latin word 'Clavus' means nail shaped, referring to the bud. It was often used by the Greeks, Roman and the Chinese to ease toothache and as a breath sweetener, especially when talking to the Emperor. It has antiseptic properties and was used in the prevention of contagious diseases such as the Plaque.

Description of Clove bud essential oil: 
A slender evergreen with a smooth gray trunk, up to 12 meters high. It has large bright green leaves on short stalks. At the start of the rainy season long buds appear that have a rosy-pink corolla at the tip. As the corolla fades the calyx turns deep red and then provide the cloves. Clove bud oil has a sweet, rich, warm, spicy and penetrating aroma with a fruity top note and a woody base note. Clove bud oil lifts depression and is recommended as an inhalation when feeling weak and lethargic. It's excellent as an antiseptic because of the high proportion of eugenol.

Appearance: Clear liquid

Aroma : Spicy, warming yet slightly bitter, woody, reminiscent of true clove buds but richer 

Color Light Golden Yellow

Chemical constituents: Clove bud oil has various chemical compounds that include Eugenol, eugenyl acetate and caryophyllene.

Extraction:It is extracted by steam distillation of buds.

Clove bud oil Therapeutic Effects:
The essential oil is an antiseptic and stimulating oil used in mouthwashes and for gargling. Comforting rubbed onto gums, traditionally used to relieve toothache. Its and antiviral properties make it a natural infection fighter. It proves to be very useful in the treatment of arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism, sprains, strains and toothache. Oil can be used for acne, bruises, burns and cuts, keeping infection at bay and as a pain reliever. It helps with toothache, mouth sores, rheumatism and arthritis. It is beneficial to the digestive system, effective against vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, spasms and parasites, as well as bad breath.

Pomegranate Seed Oil (Punica Granatum)

Pomegranate Seed Oil (Punica Granatum)
Origin of Pomegranate seed essential oil:
The pomegranate originated from persia(Iran) and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region of Asia, Africa and Europe. It has been widely cultivated throughout India and drier parts of southeast Asia, Malaya, the East Indies and tropical Africa. The most important growing regions are Egypt, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, India, Burma and Saudi Arabia.

Description of Pomegranate seed :
An attractive shrub or small tree, to 20 or 30 ft (6 or 10 m) high, the pomegranate is much-branched, more or less spiny and extremely long-lived. The fruit, which is about the size of an apple, has a thin rind lined with a layer of white membrane which divides the fruit into several cells. Each cell contains numerous seeds encased in a juicy pulp. The outer rind color is pink to deep red when the fruit is mature on the most popular varieties for eating. 

Appearance : Mobile liquid

Aroma : Little to no scent

Color : Pale yellow

Chemical constituents:: Pomegranate seed oil has various chemical compounds that include Punicic acids, oleic acid, Linolenic acid, Palmitic acid etc. In which the Punicic acids about is about 80%. 

Extraction: It is extracted by cold pressing of seeds.

Pharmaceutical uses:
It is an effective vermifuge, especially in cases of tapeworm infestation and other parasites present in the intestines. Pomegranate has also been found to contain some antimicrobial compounds. It has also been studied as a potential chemoprotective substance in cases of breast cancer. It prevent the scleratheroma and slowing down the canceration process. A moisturising and nourishing oil containing over 60% punicic acid which gives the oil anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties. 

Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Pomegranate seed oil can be used topically as a skin moisturizer or orally as a dietary supplement. It can also be used as a massage oil and as a personal lubricant. Pomegranate seed carrier oil is suitable for applications in both soap and skin care. It is often viewed as a "face oil" in that it moisturizes and nourishes dry skin. It is a natural anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial product. It is effective in providing relief from minor skin irritations and inflammation. 

Flavorings:
The edible portions of the fruit include the seed and the juicy translucent flesh enclosing the seed (arils). The tart flavor of the pulp and juice of the ripe pomegranate can add interest and variety to foods.

Psoralea Corylifolia Oil

Psoralea Corylifolia Oil
Origin of Psoralea corylifolia essential oil
It is found throughout India in Himalayas.

Description of Psoralea corylifolia
An erect herbaceous annual, 60-120 cm high with grooved and gland dotted stems and branches. Seeds oblong, flattened, dark brown with an agreeable aromatic odour and taste. Seeds are dark, 3-4.5 mm long, 2-3 mm broad and rounded.

Appearance greenish liquid

Aroma sweet balsamic aroma

Color greenish

Chemical constituents Psoralea corylifolia oil has various chemical compounds that include limonene, 4 terpineol, linalool, angelicin, geranylacetate, psoralene, bachiol, -element and -caryophelenoxide.

Aromatherapy uses
This oil has an irritant and specific effect on the skin and mucous membrane. It has a powerful effect against the skin streptococci. This essential oil however varies enormously in its effect on different persons. With the majority (95%), it causes only redness of the leucodermic patches.

Pharmaceutical uses
According to Ayurveda, root is useful in carries of teeth whereas leaves are good for diarrhea. Fruit is diuretic and causes biliousness. It is useful in treatment of vomiting, piles, bronchitis, inflammation, anaemia etc. It improves hair growth and complexion. Seeds are refrigerant, alternative, laxative, antipyretic, anthelmintic, alexiteric and good for heart troubles. Seed oil is used externally in treatment of elephantiasis. According to Unani system of medicine, its seed are purgative, stomachic, anthelmintic, vulnerary, stimulant, and cures blood related troubles. It is applied externally in treatment of skin related troubles.

Cosmetics and Toiletries
The powder from the seed is used to treat leprosy and leucoderma internally. It is also applied in the form of paste or ointment externally. The unsaponified oil has been used with success in case of leucoderma and psoriasis. It was shown to improve the color of skin (including removing white spots), hair and nails.

An ointment made by combining one part of an alcoholic extract of the seeds with two parts of chaulmugra oil and two parts of lanoline has been found to be effective in treating leucoderma, white leprosy, psoriasis and other inflammatory skin diseases and febrile conditions. The oil can be used both internally or as a simple ointment externally. It can be rubbed once or twice daily. The proportion of the active ingredients may be increased if needed. Seeds are also used to make a perfumed oil. They are also used for scorpion sting and snake-bite.

Curry Leaf Oil (murraya Koenigii)

Curry Leaf Oil (murraya Koenigii)
Origin of Curry leaf essential oil:
The curry tree is native to India, today it is found wild or become wild again, almost everywhere in the Indian subcontinent excluding the higher levels of the Himalayas. In the East, its range extends into Burma.

Description of Curry leaf essential oil:
An aromatic shrub or small tree. The tree is an aromatic deciduous one, five meter in height, 15-40 cm in diameter. It is cultivated mainly in homesteads but to a certain extent on a plantation scale.

Appearance: Clear liquid

Aroma : : Curry leaf essential oil is a blend of sweet and spicy, with a bitter tone characteristic of some spices

ColorPale yellow

Chemical constituents: Curry leaf oil has various chemical compounds that include ?-caryophyllene , ?-gurjunene , ?-elemene , ?-phellandrene , ?-thujene , ?-selinene , ?-bisabolene , furthermore limonene, ?-trans-ocimene and ?-cadinene. 

Extraction:Steam distillation of leaves

Pharmaceutical uses :

Diabetes : Curry leaf oil is found to be used in the cure of diabetes. 
The curry leaf tree contains special compounds that inhibit the enzyme. This means that the rate at which starch is broken down by the enzyme can be slowed.This is potentailly a breakthrough for diabetes sufferers. A patient with diabetes cannot control the levels of glucose in their blood. This is usually because they do not produce enough insulin to deal with the rises in levels of blood glucose that occur after eating a meal or sugary snack. Slowing the rate of starch breakdown, by blocking the alpha-amylase enzyme, can lower the rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream from the intestine. This breakthrough could lead to the development of a new drug for diabetes. It may not be too long before the curry leaf emerges as a new innovative medicine.

It has also been found to prevent hair loss and as a means of helping the skin maintain it's natural pigmentation.

Curry Leaf Oil (Murraya Koenigii)

Curry Leaf Oil (Murraya Koenigii)
Origin of Curry leaf essential oil:
The curry tree is native to India, today it is found wild or become wild again, almost everywhere in the Indian subcontinent excluding the higher levels of the Himalayas. In the East, its range extends into Burma.

Description of Curry leaf essential oil:
An aromatic shrub or small tree. The tree is an aromatic deciduous one, five meter in height, 15-40 cm in diameter. It is cultivated mainly in homesteads but to a certain extent on a plantation scale.

Appearance: Clear liquid

Aroma : : Curry leaf essential oil is a blend of sweet and spicy, with a bitter tone characteristic of some spices

ColorPale yellow

Chemical constituents: Curry leaf oil has various chemical compounds that include ?-caryophyllene , ?-gurjunene , ?-elemene , ?-phellandrene , ?-thujene , ?-selinene , ?-bisabolene , furthermore limonene, ?-trans-ocimene and ?-cadinene. 

Extraction:Steam distillation of leaves

Pharmaceutical uses :

Diabetes : Curry leaf oil is found to be used in the cure of diabetes. 
The curry leaf tree contains special compounds that inhibit the enzyme. This means that the rate at which starch is broken down by the enzyme can be slowed.This is potentailly a breakthrough for diabetes sufferers. A patient with diabetes cannot control the levels of glucose in their blood. This is usually because they do not produce enough insulin to deal with the rises in levels of blood glucose that occur after eating a meal or sugary snack. Slowing the rate of starch breakdown, by blocking the alpha-amylase enzyme, can lower the rate at which glucose enters the bloodstream from the intestine. This breakthrough could lead to the development of a new drug for diabetes. It may not be too long before the curry leaf emerges as a new innovative medicine.

It has also been found to prevent hair loss and as a means of helping the skin maintain it's natural pigmentation.

Flavor industry : 
The leaf are extensively used for flavoring curries, pickles, soups, chutneys.Curry leaves are extensively used in South India and Sri Lanka. They are particularly used in South Indian cooking to provide a flavouring for curries, vegetable, fish and meat dishes, soups (rasams), pickles, butter milk preparations, chutneys, scrambled eggs and curry powder blends.They are mainly used fresh, but are also used dried or powdered. For some recipes, the leaves are oven-dried or toasted immediately before use. Another common technique is short frying in butter or oil. The main applications are thin lentil or vegetable curries and stuffings for samosas. Because of their soft texture, they are not always removed before serving.In India the leaves are sold in markets still attached to the stem. In Europe they are generally sold as dried leaves but some are imported fresh. It is also an excellent source of dried spices used in western countries. Curry leaf is mainly a culinary plant.

Other uses :
It is cultivated as an ornamental plant throughout South Asia.The wood is greyish-white, hard, close-grained and durable. It has been used to make agricultural tools. Fresh leaves are steam distilled to produce an oil which is used for the production of soap.Volatile oil is used as a fixative for soap perfume.

Rose Oil (Rosa Damascena)

Rose Oil (Rosa Damascena)
Origin of Rose essential oil:
'Rosa' comes from the Greek 'roden' meaning 'red', as the ancient rose was thought to have been crimson. The 10th century Persian physician, used the rose as his first plant to distill and a rose distillery existed in 1612 in Shiraz, Persia.

Description of Rose :
It is floral with a rosy hint obtained by cold pressing of flowers and is widely used in aromatherapy and cosmetic application. A small, erect, prickly shrub with unequal, large, hooked prickles and many bristles, leaves compound, alternate, leaflets usually five, rachis not prickly, flowers usually pink, very fragrant, very double on long slender pedicels, calyx tube globose, ovoid, the mouth contracted, lobes 4-5 imbricate, petals many, stames many, inserted on the mouth of the calyx tube.

Appearance : Thick liquid

Aroma : Floral, Honey-like, Intense and Sweet

Color : Deep yellow to brownish red 

Chemical constituents:: Rose oil has various chemical compounds that include Citronellol, phenyl ethanol, geraniol, nerol, farnesol and stearpoten with traces of nonanol, linalool, nonanal, phenyl acetaldehyde, citral, carvone, citronellyl acetate, 2-phenylmenthyl acetate, methyl eugenol, eugenol and rose oxide.

Extraction: It is extracted by the steam distillation and solvent extraction of the rose petals

Aromatherapy uses: 
The therapeutic properties of rose oil are antidepressant, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, , astringent, bactericidal, choleretic, cicatrisant, depurative, emmenagogue, haemostatic, hepatic, laxative, nervous system , stomachic and a tonic for the heart, liver, stomach and uterus. Oil soothes and harmonizes the mind and helps with depression, anger, grief, fear, nervous tension and stress and at the same time addresses sexuality, self-nurturing, self esteem and dealing with emotional problems.

Cypress Oil (Cupressus Sempervirens)

Cypress Oil (Cupressus Sempervirens)
Origin of Cypress essential oil :
Originated from the East, native to turkey and India and now mostly found in gardens and cemetries in the Mediterranean region. It is an evergreen tree with dark green foliage, small flowers and round brown-gray cones with seed nuts inside. Its appearance adds serenity and timeless grace wherever it is planted.

Description of Cypress essential :
The tree is a perennial tree, conical-shaped about 28 meters (80 feet) high, tiny dark green leaves, having male and female cones. Cypress oil has a woody, slightly spicy and refreshing masculine smell. The oil is colorless to very pale yellow in color and watery in viscosity.

Appearance: Liquid

Aroma : : Sweet, balsamic and spicy. It has a very pleasant evergreen aroma, smoky, woody, dry and slightly nutty

ColorPale yellow

Chemical constituents: It contains volatile oil and tannins.

Extraction: Steam distillation of needles

Aromatherapy uses :
It helps in purifying, warming, supports eliminating excessive fluids and concentration which seems to be helpful in enhancing, reviving, restorative, comforting and protective a great oil for times of grief and difficult transitions. The therapeutic properties of cypress oil are astringent, antiseptic, vasoconstrictor, antispasmodic, deodorant, diuretic, deodorant, haemostatic, hepatic, respiratory tonic . Cypress oil has a calming and soothing effect on the irritable, angry and stressed-out person.

Geranium oil (Pelargonium Graveolens)

Geranium oil (Pelargonium Graveolens)
Origin of Geranium essential oil:
In the early 19th century, Commercial production of geranium oil began in France. Geraniums are native to arid areas of South Africa's Cape province. The first species was probably pelargonium capitatum which still grows wild today. Widely used in the production of perfumes and cosmetics, it can be made to imitate many fragrances and is often used to 'stretch' the much more expensive oil of rose.

Description of Geranium essential oil:
The plant is highly drought resistant. This particular variety grows to about two feet high and has serrated, pointed leaves and small pink flowers. The whole plant is aromatic. It is found on waste land, in hedgerows and on the outskirts of woods. Essential oils is extracted by steam distillation from the leaves, stalks and flowers. It is considered to be one of the best skincare oils, offering relief from congested, oily and dry skin.

Appearance: Liquid

Aroma : : Pleasant, Fresh, Rose-resembling aroma. 

Color : Green

Chemical constituents: Geranium oil has various chemical compounds that include isomenthone, menthone, phellandrene, sabinene, linalol and citronellol

Vetiver Oil (Vetiveria Zizanoides)

Vetiver Oil (Vetiveria Zizanoides)
Origin of Vetiver essential oil:
Vetiver is a grass which grows in Indonesia and the Philippines and an abundant complex lacework of underground white roots and is mainly cultivated in the tropics, such as India, Tahiti, Java and Haiti. Vetiver oil is also known as the 'oil of tranquility' because of its calming properties.

Description of Vetiver essential:
It is a tall, tufted, perennial, scented grass with long narrow leaves. The oil is obtained from the root by distillation. It is popular in the perfume industry and has a long-lasting woody fragrance, often popular with men. In the East it is known as the oil of tranquility and is often used for meditation. Khus (Vetiveria zizanioides) is a grass that grows up to six feet high. Vetiver's deeply penetrating roots and thousands of tiny fibrous rootlets reach out to drink in the aromatic molecules from the surrounding soil, which in turn become the multi-layered perfume notes of its dark amber oil. Sweet and heavy, with rich undertones reminiscent of precious woods and marshlands, the oil has widely varied olfactory characteristics depending on the type of earth it grows in. Because of the diversity of compounds present in different soils, vetiver oil is one of the most biochemically complex of all essential oils. 

Appearance : Viscous liquid. 

Aroma : Juicy, Earthy, Smoky aroma with a sweet undertone 

Color : Amber to olive

Chemical constituents: Vetiver oil has various chemical compounds that include benzoic acid, vetiverol, furfurol, vetivone, vetivene and vetivenyl vetivenate.

Extraction: : The essential oil is distilled from the roots of vetiver.

Aromatherapy uses:
Vetiver oil owes several beauty benefits and emotional effects. It balances the activity of the sebaceous oil glands, has deodorizing properties, and helps normalize oily skin and clear acne. It replenishes moisture in dry and dehydrated skin and has a rejuvenation effect on mature skin, as well as cuts, wounds, irritated and inflamed skin. When used regularly during pregnancy, vetiver oil reportedly prevents stretch marks. The oil strengthens the central nervous system and is helpful in overcoming depression, insomnia, anxiety, stress, tension and nervousness. When locally applied in rheumatism, lumbago, headache, sprain, it is a relieving embrocation. Infusion of roots is a refreshing drink in fever.

Ginger Oil (Zingiber Officinale)

Ginger Oil (Zingiber Officinale)
Origin of Ginger essential oil:
The plant is said to originate from India, China and Java and is native to Africa and the West Indies. It was most likely brought to Europe between the 10th and 15th century as a condiment and spice. The name ginger is said to be derived from the Gingi district in India, where tea made from ginger is used for stomach upsets.

Description of Ginger essential oil:
Ginger is a perennial herb and grows to about 3-4 feet high with a thick spreading tuberous rhizome. Every year it shoots up a stalk with narrow spear-shaped leaves, as well as white or yellow flowers growing directly from the root. Ginger root is widely used around the world as a spice or food additive. For a skin application or in an aromatic bath, mix with vegetable oil (sweet almond, jojoba) or with a liquid cream (Sanomulse).

Appearance: Thin liquid

Aroma : : spicy, Warm and Stimulating

Color : Light yellow

Chemical constituents: Ginger oil has various chemical compounds that include pinene, camphene, pinene, cineole, linalool, borneol, terpineol, nerol, neral, geranial, geranyl acetate, bisabolene, zingiberene

Extraction: It is extrtacted by the steam distillation from unpeeled or dried (rhizome) of plants.

Aromatherapy uses:
The therapeutic properties of Ginger oil are analgesic, anti-emetic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, bactericidal, carminative, cephalic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific and tonic. Ginger is warming, stimulating and grounding. It aids memory and is an and also helps with pain relief and detoxification.

Walnut Oil (juglans Regia)

Walnut Oil (juglans Regia)
Origin of Walnut essential oil:
Its native place is probably Persia. Other varieties of Walnut, the Black Walnut, the various kinds of Hickory, etc., are mostly natives of North America.

Description of Walnut essential oil:
The tree grows to a height of 40 or 60 feet, with a large spreading top, and thick, massive stem. One accurately measured by Professor du Breuil, in Normandy, was upwards of 23 feet in circumference; and in some parts of France there are Walnut trees 300 years old, with stems of much greater thickness. Walnut oil has great emollient qualities and is a good choice to include when mixing a massage oil or preparing a carrier oil blend. 

Appearance : Liquid

Aroma : Slightly nutty

Color : Brown 

Chemical constituents:: Walnut essential oil has various chemical compounds that include Eicosenoic, Arachidic, Alpha Linolenic, Linoleic, Oleic, Stearic, Palmitoleic, Palmitic.

Extraction: It is extracted by the cold expression of the kernel.

Aromatherapy uses: 
It is a bitter astringent herb that soothes irritated tissue and has laxative and expectorant properties. Walnut oil is a pleasant nutty smelling oil and contains small amounts of GLA. It can be used in a base/carrier oil blend. The Commission E has approved the use of walnut leaves for mild, superficial inflammations of the skin and excessive perspiration of the hands and feet. 

Pharmaceutical uses:: 
In folk medicine the leaves are used for respiratory problems, such as chronic cough and asthma, constipation and urinary stones; while the rind of the fruit is used to treat diarrhea and anemia. In Chinese medicine it is used for lumbar pain, weak knees, frequent urination, wheezing and constipation. Externally it is used for a selection of skin complaints, which include herpes and eczema, acne, inflammation, sunburn, itchy scalp, perspiration, as well as eye inflammations and hair loss. It is also often used to treat itching scalp, peeling, dandruff, sunburn and superficial burns.

Grapefruit Oil (Citrus paradisi)

Grapefruit Oil (Citrus paradisi)
Origin of Grapefruit essential oil: 
The fruit was discovered in the 1750s probably in barbados. Currently the grapefruit is said to be one of the "Seven Wonders of Barbados". It had developed as a hybrid of the pomelo(citrus maxima) with the sweet orange(Citrus sinensis), though it is rather closer to the first than the second. The official name being altered to Citrus paradisi. The grapefruit is a sub-tropical citrus tree grown for its fruit which are also known as grapefruit.

Description of Grapefruit essential oil: 
A spreading tree, petioles winged, flowers in clusters, fruits in clusters, flesh yellow or pink with white seeds. Grapefruit essential oil has a sharp refreshing smell and is either a pale yellow or light ruby color with a watery viscosity.

Appearance: Thin liquid

Aroma : : Citrusy, similar to lemon and reminiscent to the aroma of the grapefruit rind, but more concentrated.

Color : Pale yellow

Chemical constituents: Grapefruit oil has various chemical compounds that include pinene, sabinene, myrcene, limonene, , linalool, citronellal, decyl acetate, neryl acetate, terpinenol, Citral and Neral.

Extraction: It is extracted by the cold expression of crude peel.

Aromatherapy uses:
Some of the therapeutic properties of grapefruit oil are antidepressant, antiseptic, aperitif, diuretic, disinfectant, lymphatic stimulant, tonic and anti-infectious.

Pharmaceutical uses: 
Grapefruit has a high vitamin C content and is therefore valuable to the immune system. It helps protect against colds and flu, has a very positive effect on obesity and also has diuretic properties, helping to remove excess water from the body and is therefore also great for treating cellulite. It has an uplifting effect on the mood and helps with stress and depression. It is used with great success to combat muscle fatigue and stiffness while stimulating the lymphatic system and thereby clearing the body of toxins. It helps to clear congested oily skin and also assists with acne, while toning the skin and tissues. It is used in hair care to promote hair growth. Grapefruit essential oil has been used for acne, appetite supprestant, cellulite, chills, circulation, colds, depression, detoxification, exhaustion-- physical and mental, flu/influenza, hair growth and tension headaches.

Wheat Germ Oil (Sesamum Indicum)

Wheat Germ Oil (Sesamum Indicum)
Origin of Wheatgerm essential oil:
Wheat is supposed to be a native of Central Asia, in the country of the Baschkirs.

Description of Wheatgerm :
A tufted annual grass of 60-150 cm height, stems hollow, tufted and erect. Leaves are very long and narrow with lingule and auricles.

Appearance : Very thick Liquid

Aroma : Very strong smell

Color : Dark brown / Honey colored

Chemical constituents:: Wheat germ oil has various chemical compounds that include lecithin, squalene, linoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic fatty acids.

Extraction: It is extracted by the germ of wheat kernel.

Pharmaceutical uses:
Wheat germ shows some promise for improving heart. Wheat germ oil contains high levels of Vitamin E oil as well as other vitamins, minerals, protein and Essential Fatty Acids. Essential Fatty Acids support physiological functions and are essential for the health of our organs and overall health. They cannot be produced by our own bodies and instead must be obtained from dietary sources. These are needed for our cardiovascular, immune, nervous, reproductive systems and to maintain healthy cells and body functions. Wheat germ oil has been shown to be effective for the conditions like dry and cracked skin, eczema, psoriasis, prematurely aged skin, stretch marks, dull complexion, tired and overexerted muscles, sunburn and scars.

Myrrh Oil, Myrrh Gel ( Commiphora Myrrha)

Myrrh Oil, Myrrh Gel ( Commiphora Myrrha)
Origin of Myrrh essential oil:
Myrrh has been used for centuries as an ingredient in incense, perfumes, and for embalming and fumigations in Ancient Egypt. In folk tradition it was used for muscular pains and in rheumatic plasters. In China mo yao has been used since at least 600B.C. Primarily as a wound herb and blood stimulant. Myrrh oil, distilled from the resin, has been used since ancient Greek times to heal wounds.

Description of Myrrh :
A small tree which is the source of myrrh. The gum resin exudate from wounds in the stem is pale yellow at first and later solidifies ti black-brown. Oil is slightly viscous, yellowish to amber orange with a warm-spicy, balsamic fragrance. Overly viscous, dark brown oils may be extracted resinoids and not steam distilled essential oils, which are more useful in aromatherapy applications. Myrrh resinoids are more appropriate as perfume fixatives.

Appearance: Yellowish to orange

Aroma : : Rich, Balsamic, Spicy, Warm, Earthy, Woody 

Color : Golden/yellow brown

Chemical constituents: Myrrh oil has various chemical compounds that include Heerabolene, limonene, dipentene, pinene, eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, cuminaldehyde and cadinene..

Extraction: : It is extracted by the solvent extraction of resinoid from crude myrrh while oil is obtained by steam distillation.

New Method Of Extraction : 
Simplers Myrrh is CO2 processed, a method that uses carbon dioxide in a supercritical state in order to extract essential oil quickly through low heat and high pressure. Because CO2 is a gas, it is completely removed when the pressure is released, resulting in a premium extract that contains no solvent residues. This method is one of the most advanced extraction processes in the world and produces extracts high in physiological activity with fragrances that come very close to the aroma of the plant, often more accurately than with steam distillation.

Aromatherapy uses:
It has therapeutic properties which includes anticatarrhal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiphlogistic, astringent, balsamic, expectorant, antiseptic, fungicidal, revitalizing, sedative, stimulant-digestive and pulmonary tonic, tonic-uterine(emmenagogue) hormone-like (thyroid modulator) and aphrodisiac. One of the most appropriate ways to use myrrh may be to burn the crude resin on hot coals as the ancients did. This simple ritual will release a distinctive aroma and sinuous trails of fragrant incense that hold a mysterious presence in the room. The curling tendrils of burning frankincense and myrrh have measured the passage of history, and facilitate the navigation of inner and outer spiritual. 

For rejuvenation & meditation - myrrh is used after a stressful event or an extended illness, to revitalizes both body and mind.

For spirituality - inhale the fragrance of myrrh essential oil or the crushed resin to awaken your awareness of the spiritual reality behind our everyday existence. This is an excellent tool to use prior to or during religious rituals. The resultant expanded awareness also helps calm fears and halt questions concerning the future.

Myrrh - Deep meditation, mystical, sacred. Promotes inner strength, confidence and courage. 

Clove Bud Oil (eugenia Caryophyllus)

Origin of Clove bud essential oil:
A native of Indonesia and the Malacca Islands. The Latin word 'Clavus' means nail shaped, referring to the bud. It was often used by the Greeks, Roman and the Chinese to ease toothache and as a breath sweetener, especially when talking to the Emperor. It has antiseptic properties and was used in the prevention of contagious diseases such as the Plaque.

Description of Clove bud essential oil: 
A slender evergreen with a smooth gray trunk, up to 12 meters high. It has large bright green leaves on short stalks. At the start of the rainy season long buds appear that have a rosy-pink corolla at the tip. As the corolla fades the calyx turns deep red and then provide the cloves. Clove bud oil has a sweet, rich, warm, spicy and penetrating aroma with a fruity top note and a woody base note. Clove bud oil lifts depression and is recommended as an inhalation when feeling weak and lethargic. It's excellent as an antiseptic because of the high proportion of eugenol.

Appearance: Clear liquid

Aroma : Spicy, warming yet slightly bitter, woody, reminiscent of true clove buds but richer 

Color Light Golden Yellow

Chemical constituents: Clove bud oil has various chemical compounds that include Eugenol, eugenyl acetate and caryophyllene.

Extraction:It is extracted by steam distillation of buds.

Clove bud oil Therapeutic Effects:
The essential oil is an antiseptic and stimulating oil used in mouthwashes and for gargling. Comforting rubbed onto gums, traditionally used to relieve toothache. Its and antiviral properties make it a natural infection fighter. It proves to be very useful in the treatment of arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, rheumatism, sprains, strains and toothache. Oil can be used for acne, bruises, burns and cuts, keeping infection at bay and as a pain reliever. It helps with toothache, mouth sores, rheumatism and arthritis. It is beneficial to the digestive system, effective against vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, spasms and parasites, as well as bad breath.

Aromatherapy uses : 
It acts like antiseptic ,antihistamine, antioxidant, antifungal, anti-viral, powerful bactericidal-large spectrum, antiparasitic, anthelmintic, antiemetic, expectorant, cicatrizant, spasmolytic, splenetic, stimulant (general, digestive, ) and tonic(nervous, hypertensive).

Pharmaceutical uses :
In ancient Persia, clove was used in love potions. In Chinese medicine, it is known for its antibacterial and antifungal properties and used for diarrhea, hernias, bad breath, bronchitis, skin infections and to ease the pain of childbirth. Ayurvedic medicine uses clove to treat fevers, respiratory, and digestive complaints. As a folk remedy, it was used for headaches when mixed with apple cider vinegar. Clove oil was also used to disinfect large places like theaters.

Flavor and fragrance 
Clove oil is also made from the leaves and stems of the tree and is not considered aromatherapy grade, as it is harsher. Clove leaf oil is mainly manufactured for the extraction of phenol eugenol. Clove stem oil is used by the perfume industry, as it is cheaper and has more eugenol than clove bud. Because of this, it is not considered therapy grade. Clove bud oil is used as an ingredient in food, alcoholic beverages and soft drinks. It is also used in the production of printing ink, glue, and varnish. Clove is reported to stop nicotine addiction.

Incence and candle: 
Clove oil is also used in making Emu essential oils and as carrier oils. Used along with blending other essential oils for making candles. Also used as bee-wax emulsifiers, orange peel wax, cocoa butter, stearic acid. It is a very good stabilising agent.

Pomegranate Seed Oil

Origin of Pomegranate seed essential oil:
The pomegranate originated from persia(Iran) and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region of Asia, Africa and Europe. It has been widely cultivated throughout India and drier parts of southeast Asia, Malaya, the East Indies and tropical Africa. The most important growing regions are Egypt, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, India, Burma and Saudi Arabia.

Description of Pomegranate seed :
An attractive shrub or small tree, to 20 or 30 ft (6 or 10 m) high, the pomegranate is much-branched, more or less spiny and extremely long-lived. The fruit, which is about the size of an apple, has a thin rind lined with a layer of white membrane which divides the fruit into several cells. Each cell contains numerous seeds encased in a juicy pulp. The outer rind color is pink to deep red when the fruit is mature on the most popular varieties for eating. 

Appearance : Mobile liquid

Aroma : Little to no scent

Color : Pale yellow

Chemical constituents:: Pomegranate seed oil has various chemical compounds that include Punicic acids, oleic acid, Linolenic acid, Palmitic acid etc. In which the Punicic acids about is about 80%. 

Extraction: It is extracted by cold pressing of seeds.

Pharmaceutical uses:
It is an effective vermifuge, especially in cases of tapeworm infestation and other parasites present in the intestines. Pomegranate has also been found to contain some antimicrobial compounds. It has also been studied as a potential chemoprotective substance in cases of breast cancer. It prevent the scleratheroma and slowing down the canceration process. A moisturising and nourishing oil containing over 60% punicic acid which gives the oil anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties. 

Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Pomegranate seed oil can be used topically as a skin moisturizer or orally as a dietary supplement. It can also be used as a massage oil and as a personal lubricant. Pomegranate seed carrier oil is suitable for applications in both soap and skin care. It is often viewed as a "face oil" in that it moisturizes and nourishes dry skin. It is a natural anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial product. It is effective in providing relief from minor skin irritations and inflammation. 

Flavorings:
The edible portions of the fruit include the seed and the juicy translucent flesh enclosing the seed (arils). The tart flavor of the pulp and juice of the ripe pomegranate can add interest and variety to foods.

It is mostly used in juice industry. The flesh-covered seeds can be used as a garnish in fruit cups, compotes, salads and desserts and as a snack also. The juice is used in making jellies, puddings, desserts, wine and fruit drinks. Grenadine, made from pomegranate juice, is indispensable in flavoring some beverages. Grenadine also makes a delicious topping for ice cream and chilled fruits such as peaches, pears and bananas. Pomegranate is used in making a very relishing syrups and sauces which are savoured in most European and Asian countries like: 

Grenadine Syrup
Add 4 cups pomegranate juice and 2 cups sugar. Combine juice with sugar and stir. Heat just to simmering and simmer three to five minutes. Cool. Store the syrup in the refrigerator for one to two weeks or in the freezer. Use as topping for ice cream or chilled fruits or in beverages.

Coriander Oil (Coriandrum Sativum)

Origin of Coriander essential oil:
The Greek name 'Koris' (for bug) is the root word for Coriander. The seeds have been used for thousands of years by the Egyptians as an (with seeds even found in the tomb of Tutankhamun) and by the Romans and Greeks to flavor their while the Indians use it in their cooking. It has sparse, fine, feathery leaves and pinkish/white flowers which are followed by green seeds. The Carmelite order in France used the seeds to flavor their 17th century toilet water.

Description of Coriander essential oil:
The annual or biennial plant is a native of Morocco and grows to about 1 meter in height. Coriander essential oil's aroma is green, sharp and slightly pungent.

Appearance: Viscous transparent liquid

Aroma : : Spice, Warm

ColorYellow

Chemical constituents: Coriander oil has various chemical compounds that include borneol, linalool, cineole, cymene, terpineol, dipentene, phellandrene, pinene and terpinolene.

Extraction:Steam Distillation of seeds

Aromatherapy uses :
The therapeutic properties of Coriander essential oil are as an analgesic, , anti-spasmodic, antispasmodic, carminative, depurative, deodorant, digestive, carminative, fungicidal, lipolytic, revitalizing, stimulant and stomachic. Coriander oil can be useful to refresh and awake the mind. It can help for mental fatigue, migraine pain, tension and nervous weakness. Coriander oil's warming effect is also helpful for alleviating pain such as rheumatism, arthritis and muscle spasms.

Psoralea Corylifolia Oil (Eclipta Alba)

Origin of Psoralea corylifolia essential oil: 
It is found throughout India in Himalayas.

Description of Psoralea corylifolia : 
An erect herbaceous annual, 60-120 cm high with grooved and gland dotted stems and branches. Seeds oblong, flattened, dark brown with an agreeable aromatic odour and taste. Seeds are dark, 3-4.5 mm long, 2-3 mm broad and rounded.

Appearance : greenish liquid

Aroma : sweet balsamic aroma

Color : greenish

Chemical constituents:: Psoralea corylifolia oil has various chemical compounds that include limonene, 4 terpineol, linalool, angelicin, geranylacetate, psoralene, bachiol, ?-element and ?-caryophelenoxide.

Aromatherapy uses: 
This oil has an irritant and specific effect on the skin and mucous membrane. It has a powerful effect against the skin streptococci. This essential oil however varies enormously in its effect on different persons. With the majority (95%), it causes only redness of the leucodermic patches.

Pharmaceutical uses:
According to Ayurveda, root is useful in carries of teeth whereas leaves are good for diarrhea. Fruit is diuretic and causes biliousness. It is useful in treatment of vomiting, piles, bronchitis, inflammation, anaemia etc. It improves hair growth and complexion. Seeds are refrigerant, alternative, laxative, antipyretic, anthelmintic, alexiteric and good for heart troubles. Seed oil is used externally in treatment of elephantiasis. According to Unani system of medicine, its seed are purgative, stomachic, anthelmintic, vulnerary, stimulant, and cures blood related troubles. It is applied externally in treatment of skin related troubles. 

Cosmetics and Toiletries: 
The powder from the seed is used to treat leprosy and leucoderma internally. It is also applied in the form of paste or ointment externally. The unsaponified oil has been used with success in case of leucoderma and psoriasis. It was shown to improve the color of skin (including removing white spots), hair and nails.

Frankincense Essential Oil ( Trigonella Foenum)

Origin of Frankincense essential oil:
The earliest recorded use of frankincense is found in an inscription on the tomb of a 15th century BC Egyptian queen named Hathsepsut. Ancient Egyptians burned frankincense as incense and ground the charred resin into a powder called kohl. Kohl was used to make the distinctive black eyeliner which is found in most of the figures in Egyptian art.

Description of Frankincense essential oil:
The general aromatic profile of frankincense oil derived from Boswellia sacra/carteri), B. serrata and B. frereana can be characterized by the free flowing translucent to pale yellow or pale amber liquid displays a very diffusive, tangy-fresh, sparkling odor containing pine-lemon notes. As the oil slowly unfolds its unique bouquet, one begins to detect its delicate sweet, resinous woody undertones. Frankincense essential oil is extracted from the gum of a North African tree. The tree is medium sized deciduous tree with ash colored papery bark peeling off in thin flakes. Frankincense essential oil has a woody, spicy, haunting smell. It is slightly camphoric but is regarded as more pleasant and is very useful in dealing with many of the symptoms of distress and panic.

Appearance: Thin liquid

Aroma : : Fresh, woody, balsamic, slightly spicy and fruity 

Color : Light yellow

Chemical constituents: Frankincense oil has various chemical compounds that include pinene, actanol, linalool, octyl acetate, bornyl acetate, incensole and incensyl acetate.

Extraction: Tapping of the bark yield the oleo-resin

Aromatherapy uses:
Aromatherapy massages using frankincense essential oil at the face, neck and scalp may provide effective relief for tension headaches. The most important effect of the essential oil may be on the nervous system. Regarded as an antidepressant, the aroma can both relax and revitalize and can help in cases of nervous tension and exhaustion. Frankincense oil contains sesquiterpenes which stimulate the limbic system, the hypothalamus, the pineal and the pituitary glands. A warm bath with a few drops of frankincense oil is counteracts the effects of nightmares and sudden fears.

Pharmaceutical uses: 
This oil is rejuvenating to the skin, treating acne, bacterial and fungal infections and to treat wounds and scars. It is used in cosmetics, soaps and perfumes. It helps in overcoming or eradicating problems which is related to anxiety, asthma, bronchitis, extreme coughing, scars, stress and stretch marks. It can be used in a manner similar to burning of the incense in spiritual practice. Warming in a candle lamp or direct application to the temples and third eye will quiet the mind, deepen the breath and promote meditative stillness. Frankincense oil can be used to promote and assist with skin rejuvenation and reducing inflammation in acne skin preparations. With hair car products, frankincense oil is ideal for dry hair formulations along with dry and mature skin formulations also.

Lavender Oil ( Lavendula Officinalis)

Origin of Lavender essential oil:
Lavender comes form the Roman word 'Lavare' meaning to wash. It was one of the most favored aromatics used by the Romans in their bathing rituals. Both the Greeks and the Romans burned Lavender twigs as a room purifier to ward off the plague. It was brought to Europe by the Romans.

Description of Lavender :
A shrubby plant with woody branches and long narrow leaves it has purple blue flowers on long spikes. After cutting the plants are dried and steam distilled. Lavender oil has fresh, sweet, floral, herbaceous and slightly fruity. 

Appearance Transparent liquid 

Color: Pale yellow

Chemical constituents: 
Lavender oil has various chemical compounds that include flavonoids, nerol, coumarins, linalool, linyalyl acetate, cineole, Tannis, borneol.

Extraction: Steam distillation of the flowering parts.

Perfumery Note: Top/Middle 

Aromatic Description: Fresh, sweet, floral, herbaceous, slightly fruity.

Therapeutic Effects: 
Lavender essential oil is used as an antiseptic and can be used for many skin conditions and infections of the lungs, digestions and urinary tract. It works brilliantly for migraine. It is also considered to be helpful for nervous system disorders such as depression, headache, hypertension, insomnia, migraine, nervous tension, stress related conditions.

Aromatherapy uses:
A lavender oil soothes nervous exhaustion. It is mostly used for inhalation, bath , room spray and massage. It is used as a cold compress or place a few drops in boiling water and inhale for headaches and migraine. It improves sleep quality, promotes relaxation and lifts mood in people suffering from sleep disorders. Lavender oil helps speed up the body's natural healing and reduce pain and scarring. Oil is included in lotions and it is used in massage oils to help relax muscles. Few drops of lavender oil is added to water (mineral) and spray onto sunburned skin. Enjoy a relaxing bath and relieve stress by adding lavender oil to the bath.

Cosmetics & Perfumery :
It is also used in facial pack, shampoo, hair conditioners and ladies perfume for it's sweet odour.

Sweet Violet, Viola (Viola odorata)

Sweet Violet, Viola (Viola odorata)
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Violet Flowers, Violet Leaves

Cosmetic Uses
The plant has long been cultivated for its perfume, as well as being added to cosmetics, drinks, sweets, and syrups, and long thought of as the plant of ancient goddesses. Syrups are made from infusions and used to treat coughs. Mouthwashes are also made from infusions and used for mouth and throat infections. Flowers are good for skin rashes and irritant eczema. Decoctions from the flowers are used as an eyebath and mouthwash. They are also crystallized and added to desserts.

There is considerably more to the common sweet violet (Viola Odorata) that meets the eye, although this hardy little perennial with exquisite flowers and broad, heart-shaped leaves is certainly attractive ... be it in the woods or in a shaded garden. However, it has also been used through the ages in medicinal preparations, culinary concoctions, perfumes, cosmetics, and dyes.

Sweet Violets either fresh or dried are used in teas or baths for the soothing and slight astringent quality. Violets contain salicylic acid and are extremely high in vitamins A and C. Violet flower water (1/4 c. Violets steeped in warm spring water for 30 minutes, strained, bottled and refrigerated) is used on the face as a tonic and healing spritz for all sorts of facial afflictions. It is wonderful as an after-shave water or even as a wash for baby's skin. If the leaves and flowers are macerated in oil, strained and then beeswax added, this cream is excellent as a daily application to remove cosmetics, or can be used daily on your face and hands for dry skin.

Description:
Pure, use in lip gloss, lotions & creams; for sealing corked bottles. Solid at room temperature.

Chemical Constituents:
Violate flower and root contain an emetic principle named 'voiline'. It forms salts with acids. It is volatile oil. Roots contain several coloring matters-ionone and ionine. The plant also contains glucoside, methol salicylic ester and saponins.

Custard Apple Oil (annona Squamosa)

Custard Apple Oil (annona Squamosa)
Origin of Custard apple essential oil: 
It is originated in tropical America. It is cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, and Tamil Nadu besides India, it is common in China, Philippines, Egypt and Central Africa.

Description of Custard apple : 
A small tropical tree, indigenous to the Amazon rainforest, growing up to 20' tall. The leaves are thin, oblong while the flowers are greenish - yellow. The conical fruit, with a purple knobby skin, is very sweet and is eaten fresh or can be used for shakes. The fruit is juicy and creamy - white. It is dull-green on the upperside, pale, with a bloom, below. It is slightly hairy when young, aromatic when crushed. Along the branch tips, opposite the leaves, the fragrant flowers are borne singly or in groups of 2 to 4. They are oblong, never fully open with 1 in (2.5 cm) long, drooping stalks and 3 fleshy outer petals, yellow-green on the outside and pale-yellow inside with a purple or dark-red spot at the base.

Appearance : Thick juicy liquid

Aroma : Sweet, woody aroma

Color : Pale green to lemony

Chemical constituents:: oil has various chemical compounds that include ?- and ?-pinene, E-ocimene, germacrene-D, methyl and ethyl butanoate and methyl hexanoate.

Extraction: cold expression of the seed.

Pharmaceutical uses:
In India the crushed leaves are sniffed to overcome hysteria and fainting spells, they are also applied on ulcers and wounds and a leaf decoction is taken in cases of dysentery. Throughout tropical America, a decoction of the leaves alone or with those of other plants is imbibed either as an emmenagogue, febrifuge, tonic, cold remedy, digestive or to clarify the urine. The leaf decoction is also employed in baths to alleviate rheumatic pain. The green fruit, very astringent is employed against diarrhea in El Salvador. The crushed ripe fruit, mixed with salt, is applied on tumors. The bark and roots are both highly astringent. The bark decoction is given as a tonic and to halt diarrhea. The root, because of its strong purgative action, is administered as a drastic treatment for dysentery and other ailments.

Flavorings:
The fruits are generally used as fresh, while some products or mixed fruits for the preparation of custard powders, ice creams and puddings.

The ripe custard apple is usually broken open and the flesh segments are enjoyed while the hard seeds are separated in the mouth and spat out. In Malaya, the flesh is pressed through a sieve to eliminate the seeds and is then added to ice cream or blended with milk to make a cool beverage. It is never cooked. Most widespread throughout the tropics is the making of refreshing soursop drinks (called champola in Brazil, carato in Puerto Rico). For this purpose, the seeded pulp may be pressed in a colander or sieve or squeezed in cheesecloth to extract the rich, creamy juice, which is then beaten with milk or water and sweetened. The seeded pulp may be blended with an equal amount of boiling water and then strained and sweetened. Annonas are used mostly to make drinks or flavor frozen desserts. 

Industrial uses:
The seed kernels contain 14-49% of whitish or yellowish, non-drying oil with saponification index of 186.40. It has been proposed as a substitute for peanut oil in the manufacture of soap and can be detoxified by an alkali treatment and used for edible purposes. The leaves yield an excellent oil rich in terpenes and sesquiterpenes, mainly B-caryophyllene, which finds limited use in perfumes, giving a woody spicy accent. The bark of the tree has been used in tanning.

Custard Apple Oil (Annona Squamosa)

Custard Apple Oil (Annona Squamosa)
Origin of Custard apple essential oil: 
It is originated in tropical America. It is cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, and Tamil Nadu besides India, it is common in China, Philippines, Egypt and Central Africa.

Description of Custard apple : 
A small tropical tree, indigenous to the Amazon rainforest, growing up to 20' tall. The leaves are thin, oblong while the flowers are greenish - yellow. The conical fruit, with a purple knobby skin, is very sweet and is eaten fresh or can be used for shakes. The fruit is juicy and creamy - white. It is dull-green on the upperside, pale, with a bloom, below. It is slightly hairy when young, aromatic when crushed. Along the branch tips, opposite the leaves, the fragrant flowers are borne singly or in groups of 2 to 4. They are oblong, never fully open with 1 in (2.5 cm) long, drooping stalks and 3 fleshy outer petals, yellow-green on the outside and pale-yellow inside with a purple or dark-red spot at the base.

Appearance : Thick juicy liquid

Aroma : Sweet, woody aroma

Color : Pale green to lemony

Chemical constituents:: oil has various chemical compounds that include ?- and ?-pinene, E-ocimene, germacrene-D, methyl and ethyl butanoate and methyl hexanoate.

Extraction: cold expression of the seed.

Pharmaceutical uses:
In India the crushed leaves are sniffed to overcome hysteria and fainting spells, they are also applied on ulcers and wounds and a leaf decoction is taken in cases of dysentery. Throughout tropical America, a decoction of the leaves alone or with those of other plants is imbibed either as an emmenagogue, febrifuge, tonic, cold remedy, digestive or to clarify the urine. The leaf decoction is also employed in baths to alleviate rheumatic pain. The green fruit, very astringent is employed against diarrhea in El Salvador. The crushed ripe fruit, mixed with salt, is applied on tumors. The bark and roots are both highly astringent. The bark decoction is given as a tonic and to halt diarrhea. The root, because of its strong purgative action, is administered as a drastic treatment for dysentery and other ailments.

Custard Apple Oil (Annona Squamosa)

Custard Apple Oil (Annona Squamosa)
(ANNONA SQUAMOSA)Origin of Custard apple essential oil: 
It is originated in tropical America. It is cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, and Tamil Nadu besides India, it is common in China, Philippines, Egypt and Central Africa.

Description of Custard apple : 
A small tropical tree, indigenous to the Amazon rainforest, growing up to 20' tall. The leaves are thin, oblong while the flowers are greenish - yellow. The conical fruit, with a purple knobby skin, is very sweet and is eaten fresh or can be used for shakes. The fruit is juicy and creamy - white. It is dull-green on the upperside, pale, with a bloom, below. It is slightly hairy when young, aromatic when crushed. Along the branch tips, opposite the leaves, the fragrant flowers are borne singly or in groups of 2 to 4. They are oblong, never fully open with 1 in (2.5 cm) long, drooping stalks and 3 fleshy outer petals, yellow-green on the outside and pale-yellow inside with a purple or dark-red spot at the base.

Appearance : Thick juicy liquid

Aroma : Sweet, woody aroma

Color : Pale green to lemony

Chemical constituents:: oil has various chemical compounds that include ?- and ?-pinene, E-ocimene, germacrene-D, methyl and ethyl butanoate and methyl hexanoate.

Extraction: cold expression of the seed.

Pharmaceutical uses:
In India the crushed leaves are sniffed to overcome hysteria and fainting spells, they are also applied on ulcers and wounds and a leaf decoction is taken in cases of dysentery. Throughout tropical America, a decoction of the leaves alone or with those of other plants is imbibed either as an emmenagogue, febrifuge, tonic, cold remedy, digestive or to clarify the urine. The leaf decoction is also employed in baths to alleviate rheumatic pain. The green fruit, very astringent is employed against diarrhea in El Salvador. The crushed ripe fruit, mixed with salt, is applied on tumors. The bark and roots are both highly astringent. The bark decoction is given as a tonic and to halt diarrhea. The root, because of its strong purgative action, is administered as a drastic treatment for dysentery and other ailments.
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